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Strategies By Toppers (ECE & EE ):

 ECE 2014 Toppers ( Abhishek Singh AIR 1 ,Firdaus Khan AIR 3 ,Mohit Aggarwal AIR 8 , Ran Singh Godara AIR 22 ,Shikhar Mehta AIR 25)

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/ese-2014-ece-toppers-strategies-abhishek-singh-firdaus-khan-shikhar-ran-singh-mohit/

Electrical 2014 Toppers ( Sahil Garg AIR 1 & Manish Gurwani  AIR-2)

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/ese-2014-electrical-toppers-strategies-sahil-garg-and-manish-gurwani/

Surabhi Gautam (AIR-1 ECE ,ESE-2013)

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/03/31/ese-ece-prepration-tips-by-all-india-topper-of-2013-gautam-surabhi/

Sachin Goyal (AIR-1 ESE-2013 Electrical )

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/10/09/electrical-tips-by-sachin-goyal-ies-2013-rank-1-gate-2012-rank-6/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/ese-2014-electrical-toppers-strategies-manish-gurwani/

Kunal Srivastav (AIR-1 ECE ,ESE-2012 )

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/kunal-srivastava-air-1-ies-2012-air-44-gate-2013-et/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/kunal-srivastava-air-1-ies-2012-air-44-gate-2013-et/

IES/ESE CIVIL Prep Strtgy & Intrw Exp. ( Abhay Kumar AIR57, ESE 2014)

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2015/03/23/iesese-civil-prep-strtgy-intrw-exp-abhay-kumar-air57-ese-2014/

Made Easy Notes+ GATE Papers

http://raghul.org/gate/study-materials/

http://www.satishkashyap.com/2014/01/gate-ece-study-material-prepared-by-iit.html

Rohit Jain (AIR-2 ESE-2012 ECE )    

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/03/26/ese-preparation-tips-rohit-jain/ https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/posts-for-ies-exam/

Ashish Choudhary (AIR-14 ESE-2012 ,AIR 76,96 in 2011 & 2013 ECE )

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/ashish-choudhary-ies-air14-in-2012-air-96-76-in-2013-2014-et/

Ankur Gupta (AIR-22 ESE-2012 ECE)              

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/ankur-gupta-ies-2012-air-22-et/

Sagar Upadhyay (AIR-35 ESE-2012 Electrical )

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/sagar-upadhyay-ese-2012-rank-35-electrical/

ECE Handbook:(Written  By–> Ankur Gupta , Ashish Choudhary )

http://www.flipkart.com/electronics-engineering-formula-book-gate-ies-psu-s-english-1st/p/itmdws67f7ww6qbu?pid=9789351568452&srno=b_13&ref=aba0c44c-83ea-4693-ba5d-e6bd0a944e0d

IES/ESE Interview Tips By toppers:                          https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/interview-tips-by-iesese-toppers/

  • Posts for GATE/ UPSC IES Exam:

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/posts-for-gate-exam/ https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/posts-for-ies-exam/

IMP URL’s For ESE Interview:

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2015/01/07/some-imp-urls-for-interview/

  • ESE / IES Interview Experiences  (ECE):

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/ese-interview-exp-ece/

  • ESE / IES Interview Experiences  (MECH):

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/ese-interview-exp-mech/

  •  ESE / IES Interview Experiences (CIVIL):

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/ese-interview-expcivil/

  • ESE / IES Interview Experiences (EE):

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/category/ese-interview-expee/

 

Manas Panda AIR 5 (ECE) ESE 2015 Interview

Tags

Name – Manas Kumar Panda

Date- 3rd December 2015

ESE rank – AIR 5

Interview marks – 130

Interview panel/Chairperson –Shri Chhatar Singh 

Branch – EC


The interview panel consisted of a chairperson and three technical expert members.

Chairperson:

He was going through my DAF & at the same time asking question.

Q> Are you From Sambalpur?

Yes Sir

Q> Tell me why Sambalpur is famous for?

Sambalpur is famous for Hirakud Dam (the longest earthen dam in the world), the Huma temple & Sambalpuri Saree.

Q> What is so special about Sambalpuri Saree?

It’s completely handmade/ hand-woven & design is very different from others.

Q> What is that design?

I am sorry Sir. I don’t know (Ans is: Bandha design, Saptabhar, Pasapali, Bomkai, Bapta etc)

Q> Your hobby is teaching, running?

Yes sir, also reading about mobile communication technologies (I wanted to drive the panel to ask me from the communication area, but it didn’t work)

Q> What you have run so far? Any event you have been participated

Sir, I usually run every day around 5-6km. I have participated in Bangalore marathon in oct 2015. I have plan to run in GOA River Marathon in Dec 13.

Q> You are working in NTPC?

Yes sir, presently I am working in NTPC, TTPS in IT (information & technology department).

Q>Then let me ask you some Non-IT question.

Q> what is the installed capacity of India?

So I guessed and said over 200 GW. (I was aware of Installed capacity of NTPC but not of India.) Q> how much over?

I was thinking & a bit confused, then he himself said 280 GW.

Q> What is average load consumption?

Again I had no idea about it. I remain silent for few seconds & was thinking about per capita consumption.., then he(chairperson) said 175 GW.

 

Q> Why there is this big difference? I mean what are the factors associated with it?

I said low PLF(plant load factor) & main reasons are

– Shortage of coal ( & also Indian coal is not of good quality, we have to import coal from Indonesia) & – poor financial health of DISCOM.

Q> What else?

Sir, T&C losses also very high in India > 25% (world avg is 10%) & poor last mile connectivity into rural areas

Q> He interrupted me & disagreed with me & said this is not the reason.

(He was looking for other reasons).

-I started to recall, remain a bit silent while thinking.

Q> What I think is lack of efficient man power in the sector is one of the reason? What is your view, Manas?

-I don’t agree with you Sir. I am not sure about others, but in NTPC we have very efficient & competent engineers. Our (NTPC) PLF is highest in the country (81% compared to India’s PLF 65%), this data (PLF) also indicates that we are relatively most efficient in the country.

I didn’t have any idea whether I was right or wrong. But he smiled on the way I was defending NTPC. He laughed & said No No, I am not talking about you.

 

2nd Member

Q> Manas, I will continue from where Sir left (pointing towards the chairman). Is that ok?

Yes Sir, you can. (Actually it was not ok with me, Neither I had prepared nor I had any idea on Indian Electricity Sector, but I said Yes)

Q> As Sir Said, we are running with low PLF, we should focus on improving efficiency rather than expansion? & India is not power deficit now. Still we are expanding on power sector? What is your View?

(By hearing the question, I was nervous, but I didn’t express it. Instead I was smiling. He was staring at me. But this is when I was doing the thinking)

Then I said “India is a developing nation & Power is an basic infrastructure. No industry can run without power & it should be made available before hand. As our focus on now manufacturing sector like Make in India, Power & road must be available to attract companies including foreign companies.That’s why though we are not power deficit; we are working on expanding power sector.

 

Q> India has an grid structure for power distribution. Many other countries has localized distribution system. Can India adopt such localized distribution system? Is it feasible? If so what are the challenges?

(I didn’t get the question at all. He was staring at me. I was wondering recalling what he said. Then the Chairman Sir understood me & rescued me) , He said I think Manas didn’t

understand the question. Oh it was big relief for me & I said yes sir. Then he explained me the question with an example.

After that also I was not able to answer anything.

(Later I came to know that the answer should be,

Economical reason: Power transmission is easier and cheaper than coal transmission as coal is localized in our country. & Technical reason: Frequency stability.)

 

Q> Manas, you may be heard that, recently in Paris conference, PM has said that India will reduce its electricity contribution from coal by 30%. What is the future of coal power plant in India?

For the record: The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Paris, France , from 30 November to 12 December 2015 & my interview is on Dec 3rd.

(Oh my god, one by one the standard of question are increasing, that too non technical. I was really nervous, felt like I am being fucked up. But again I smiled & maintained the same confident body language)

In India Coal is abundant and cheaply available. The technology has matured & well developed. Again present major contribution to electricity is form coal (approx 60%) is very significant.

So the coal sector can’t be eliminated not even in near future neither its share will be reduced significantly. What we can do is we should put much thrust in solar and hydro power sector and India has lot of potential in these areas. As far as I see the future of coal power plant in India not bad.

 

3rd Member

Q> You have done M-tech in VLSI?

(Oh what a relief for me, finally the domain which I was waiting for)

Yes Sir, you are right. I have also worked in VLSI in Intel.

Q> In which area you were working?

Sir, I was working as component design engineer in Circuit design group. I had designed OP-AMP, current sources etc. Basically you can I was working as analog circuit designer.

Q> What you were using, I mean technology?

It is CMOS technology in 22nm.

Q> Name some current sources in BJT you know?

Widlar current source, Wilson Current Mirror etc

 

 

Q> Any other current sources?

Not Sir, I know there are more but at this point of time, I am not able to recall now. What I have designed in Intel was folded cascode current source.

Q>What is the yield?

Approx 70-80% Sir,

Q> 70%, Is that true?

(Oh by seeing the reaction I can say for sure he was surprised)

Yes sir

Q>Are you Sure?

Yes Sir, I am quite sure. (Now I was surprised, I started to doubt myself. I replied that even if I was not sure)

Q> Isn’t it too high Manas?

(This was my chance to convince him or accept that I am wrong.)

Sir, What I am assuming by Yeild you mean that percentage of fully functional chip to the total number of chip in a single die. Sir, before 20-30 years It was low approx 40%, but now technology has evolved to give such a high yield. Because of high yield & very small size of MOSFET, the semiconductor chips prices have been lowered quiet significantly.

Seems like he was convinced.

Q> what are the reasons?

Sir the manufacturing process has been improved quiet significantly and wafer is much larger than before. And DFT & Fault tolerance process are used, which results in lees number of unfunctional chips.

Q> what is the wafer size?

Presently 12 inch.

Q> what is size of microprocessor?

Sir what do you see in motherboard is not the real size. Because it includes packaging as well as the heat spreader on the top of it. What we design is order of few mm x mm & what we see is order of 2×2 cm.

Q>How small it can be? Is there any limitation?

The smaller, its better. But packaging puts some limitations. There are 100s pins in uP & they has to carry reliably current/signal to the chip.

Q> What else?

Apart from that I am not able to think about any other reasons, Sir.

 

 

 

4th Member

Q> Manas, you have idea on communication right?

(This is the area I have prepared extensively for interview & as my first preference is ITS & I was more than happy to welcome any question.)

Yes Sir, with a big smile in my face.

Q> Have you heard of EHF communication?

I was thinking. EHF range Extremely High Frequency.

Q> You know all these bands right HF/VHF/UHF etc?

Yes Sir, UHF Ultra high frequency 0.3-3 GHZ, then SHF Super High frequency 3 to 30 & EHF 30 to 300 GHZ ( actually he was helping me to recall all these bands)

Q> Recently a new technology came in this EHF Band?

Is it optical fiber communication?

Q>No not optical fiber communication. No

I am not able to think of any other mode of communication rather than optical fiber communication. But he was pointing towards something else.

I said I don’t know sir.

Q> We can call from Vodafone to Airtel? How is it possible?

Because all service provides are interconnected.

Q> At which level?

At MSC mobile switching centre.

Q> How they are interconnected & what is the speed of that interconnection?

I said by optical fiber & speed is order of Gbps. (but he didn’t agree)

 

Then the chairman said Manas you may leave.

I said thank you for a memorable interview Sirs. It’s an honor to meet u all.

 

PS- Trust me, How hard you prepare, Interview depends on luck. I have very extensively prepared on communication (satellite, optical fiber, mobile, wireless, data coomunication & all sorts of technologies like wifi, Bluetooth, RFID, etc etc) but still could not answer that single question. There is no such question like “ Why did u leave Intel, why do you want to leave NTPC? Why IES? Why ITS?”. The only mistake from my side was as I am in Power Company I should have prepared on Indian power sector. A piece of advice body language does matter & suit does not matter at all, a formal dress is good enough.

Pawan Jeph AIR-6 (Civil) ESE 2015 Interview

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,

My interview was in the afternoon session on 11th of december 2015. Alka sirohi madam was the chairperson of the interview board.
My interview went on purely technical line. Right from first question till the last they asked only questions related to civil engineering. I am sharing the questions asked by interview panel only.
ESE 2015
Chairperson : Alka Sirohi

CM

1. What is hydraulic cement?
2. What is Non-Hydraulic cement, then?

(Didn’t answered)
3. How does a non-hydraulic cement sets?
( Hint : CO2)
4. Name the constituents of cement ?
( Fogot iron oxide :p )
5. Why gypsum is added into cement?
6. Why curing is done?
7. What is heat of hydration and what is its role in setting?

Member 1

He drew a diagram on paper of Weir with U/S pile and D/S pile?

1. What is the name of this structure and for what purpose it is used?
2. What is the role of U/S pile and D/S piles?
3. What is piping and how one can ensure safety against piping?
4. What is launching apron?
5. What is the size of boulders used in launching apron?
6. Can we use concrete gravity blocks in weir?
7. Why are concrete gravity blocks are used ?
8. Is base of a weir designed for moment?

Member 2

1. Draw the diagram of Load bearing kind of structure and framed structure ? (No clue at all :expressionless: )
2. what is a framed structure and name some load bearing kind of structure?
3. Which kind of building you live in? Is it a load bearing kind or framed?
4. Draw the diagram explaining the difference?
5. How a concrete mix is designed ? (Explained theo. calculations )
6. That’s okay! Explain me, how strength is being ensured at field that we want?
7. What tests are carried out to determine strength of concrete?
8. How many minimum number of samples are necessary to carry out the compression testing?
9. What is the acceptance criteria and what does the avg of comp. strength gives us – Fm or Fck ?

He draws a wire of circular cross section having area A and forces at one end 10 kN and at other 6 kN.
10. What is he value of stress in the mid-point of the wire?
11. What will happen in this case ? Elaborate it?

Member 3

1. Can you name some disaster that occur due to water. (Did a blunder here : answered fukushima nuclear disaster instead of obvious flood , tsunami and lanslide etc)
2. What is flood ?
3. What is the maximum level of water in stream called?
4. Name the type of spillway gates that are used in dam? ( no idea at all)
5. What steps should we take when one of the spillway gate is rusted and is taken to the workshop for repair, to stop the overflow ?
6. What is landslide ?
7. How did it occur?
8. How does snow causes landslide?
9. What is water hammer pressure ? How do we prevent it?

Nikki Bansal AIR-3 (EE )ESE 2015 strtgy

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, , , ,

1. GS:
I started to read newspaper ‘the hindu ‘ before six month for current affairs and followed jagranjosh monthly current affairs and quizes.
and i read made easy class notes and books
2. ENGLISH
i read made easy notes and book
prepared vocab online and gave online tests
3. TECHNICAL
i was regular classrm student of made easy so for all subject i strictly followed class notes and for some subject i read books for questions and theory. generally i read all books which i studied in my btech.
 machines-  jb gupta and ps bhimbra
power electronics-  ps bhimbra
power system – jb gupta
control system- a. anand kumar
 analog-  boylestad
for question i did all previous year questions and made easy booklates
for gs and english i solved previous year papers properly.

GS + English Prep By Shikhar Mehta

Friends, my previous post was on “Selection of Practice questions and the importance of Test series.”

You can go thru it here.. https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2015/04/12/shikhar-mehta-ece-prepration-strtgy-air-25-ese-2014

General Studies

Analyzing the the last few years’ ESE pattern I would say prepare only Life sciences, Geography, polity, and current affairs.

For that Made easy notes are best, though not complete. Go thru Made easy’s Current Affairs Annual Edition once. While I was preparing, I practiced some Quizzes on GKtoday.in . Polity quizzes are really good on that website. If you still want some more relevant reading material then NCERTs can also be referred for Life Sciences and Geography.

Alon with all this you also can practice questions from:

  • Previous year IES
  • NDA/CDS previous year

GS Questions keep coming from Year books, magazines, etc. But you have 800 marks Technical paper to look after too! So you choose the most relevant sources.

Now you have a quite obvious question.”Since the GS section is quite uncertain, Is all this really worth?”

Yes it is, after covering this you will see that you are not only able to attempt more in GS paper but your ‘Calculated Guesses’ will be closer to correct.

English

English section is very scoring and is the best to gain marks. There is a strategies for attempting questions like Sentence arrangement, comprehension passage and even the vocab part.

Comprehension passages:

If you look at comprehension passages they roughly fall into two categories

  • First kind: The paragraph is very simple and like a class 7 English short story.

You should: Read the complete paragraph by just strolling over each line and then go for the questions directly.

You will be able to almost all without even the second reading.

  • Second of its kind: The passage will be a complex (usually from a different domain topic) like history, law, medicine etc. {Complex for an Engineering student}. So You should: Read the complete passage if you have time (which you will be having, usually in a GS paper) and if you are getting the context out of it. This will take time since the passage is an alien topic or it is complex/large.

Else, if you don’t have time, read the questions first and then go thru the passage this time you will get your answer while reading the passage. Yes this method requires practice. Follow this only if have practiced this way during the TS/self-study.

You can even search the Google to read some good blogs/forums. They share very good strategies to attempt passages and sentence arrangement.

In fact the Internet provides you so much knowledge and experience, Technical as well as nontechnical.

Just Google the topic and you will get a relevant ppt or pdf. Internet consumes time for searching and reading thru. Hence again, I would say Best is to discuss with someone.

For the sentence arrangement also, use short cuts

Leave vocab part since it takes a lot memorizing and most of the questions from last 3 years are very easy. Though for objective the “Root method” is quite meaningful.

Current affairs and geography if related can be very helpful in your preparation. Look closely at the current affairs questions from previous years you will see that Half of them are directly related, and so is their preparation. I will show you a sample of my prep.The Map method actually helped me remember much better. Similarly Current Affairs which you read from magazines/newspapers can be congregated onto a large blank Map in your room.

Friends, I feel a lot still remains to be shared. You can ask your queries in the Comments so that we can make a separate post of FAQs.

Shikhar Mehta

AIR-25 ESE-14

https://fb.me/mehta.shikhar

PS: Next I will share how I maintained my Focus,, enthusiasm and managed my time during the preparation.

a

 

Meditation Techniques by Shikhar Mehta

Friends my earlier post was on Tips and Tricks for GS and English, you can find it here https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2015/05/06/gs-english-prep-strtgy-by-shikhar-mehta-air-25-ese-14/

In this post I will be sharing my experience of techniques I followed during my days of preparation which kept me focused, and productive. It helped me manage my stress during the exam period.

Had anybody told me that my breath is a key to my Mind and the Productivity I would have laughed my kidneys out!

During the Happiness program (Art of Living’s foundation course) I was blown away by the experience of Sudarshan Kriya. In the beginning I was told that something big was about to come, at the end of the 6th day it was evident. I wanted to explore more and more into spirituality. Spirituality became my quest. Fortunately I got an opportunity for an advanced course at the Bangalore center.  It’s a place where peace and tranquility vibrates in the atmosphere. I completed the Advanced Meditation Course with the directors of the course, Bawa and Dinesh and returned to my normal busy life. The Daily Meditation practices got integrated into my routine. It was during the following months I witnessed that the symptoms of chronic Bronchitis (Asthma) had disappeared completely. Earlier every year around the month of October I used to get the asthma attacks, the condition had exacerbated year after year. Now I no longer need those steroids and inhalers.  My gray hair got restored to their original black color. My health improved gradually. I felt more active and lively and above all, serenity and calmness dawned on me. Being more focused I could devote quality time to studies.  My Engineering course got completed and my grades gradually improved from 50pc to 83pc.

Now I took a greater challenge for myself – UPSC Engineering services. By devoting quality time to my Practices I maintained a very focused and systematic approach towards my daily studies. I did my BE in Instrumentation but I had to appear for Telecommunication paper, the syllabus was quite new for me. I gave my first attempt but couldn’t qualify for the interview. Few months later I went for an SSB Army Tech interview. On the 4th day of the interview I met with a freak accident. I had to be admitted and operated. In this process I missed my SSB conference thereby getting rejected in the interview.

I was confined to bed for around 4 months after the surgery. I prepared again for my ESE-13 exam. The result was not positive this time, though the score was much closer to the cut-off. Following the exam I tutored some students in a coaching institute. This time I started preparing for the ESE-14 in Feb. I kept doing my Practices with sincerity. My daily meditation practices were the major source of inspiration and enthusiasm. I would normally start my day with little workout, Sudarshan Kriya and meditation. I noticed that it was not the number of hours devoted to the study, but the amount of time I was actually attentive, in the Present moment!

This time I performed much better in all the 5 papers, I got AIR-25. Looking at the past I see two perpetual sources of support and inspiration for me, my Parents and my Meditation Practices. I feel blessed to receive this knowledge when I needed it the most.

Shikhar Mehta,

AIR-25, Indian Engineering Services-14

https://Fb.me/mehta.shikhar

GS & English Prep. Strtgy By Shikhar Mehta AIR-25 ESE-14

Friends, my previous post was on “Selection of Practice questions and the importance of Test series.”

You can go thru it here.. https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2015/04/12/shikhar-mehta-ece-prepration-strtgy-air-25-ese-2014

Cont…

General Studies

Analyzing the the last few years’ ESE pattern I would say prepare only Life sciences, Geography, polity, and current affairs.

For that Made easy notes are best, though not complete. I had also purchased Made easy’s Current Affairs Annual Edition. Also I practiced some Quizzes on GKtoday.in . Polity quizzes are really good on that website. If you still want some more relevant reading material then NCERTs can also be referred for Life Sciences and Geography.

Also you can practice questions from:

  • Previous year IES
  • NDA/CDS previous year

GS Questions keep coming from Year books, magazines, etc. But you have 800 marks Technical paper to look after too! So you choose the most relevant sources.

Now you have a quite obvious question.” Is all this really worth?”

Yes it is, after covering this you will see that you are not only able to attempt more in GS paper but your ‘Calculated Guesses’ will be closer to correct.

English

English part is the best to gain marks. There is a strategies for attempting questions like Sentence arrangement, comprehension passage and even the vocab part.

Comprehension passages:

Actually If you see comprehension passages they roughly fall under two categories

  • First kind: The text is very simple and like a class 7 English short story.

You should: Read the complete paragraph by just strolling over each line and then go for the questions directly.

You will be able to almost all without even the second reading.

  • Second of its kind: The passage will be a complex (usually from a different domain topic) like history, law, medicine etc. {Complex for an Engineering student}. So You should: Read the complete passage if you have time (which you will be having, usually in a GS paper) and if you are getting the context out of it. This will take time since the passage is an alien topic or it is complex/large.

Else, if you don’t have time, read the questions first and then go thru the passage this time you will get your answer while reading the passage. Yes this method requires practice. Follow this only if have practiced this way during the TS/self-study.

You can even search the Google to read some good blogs/forums. They share very good strategies to attempt passages and sentence arrangement.

In fact the Internet provides you so much knowledge and experience, Technical as well as nontechnical.

Just Google the topic and you will get a relevant ppt or pdf. Internet consumes time for searching and reading thru. Hence again, I would say Best is to discuss with someone.

For the sentence arrangement also, use short cuts

Leave vocab part since it takes a lot memorizing and most of the questions from last 3 years are very easy. Though for objective the “Root method” is quite meaningful.

Current affairs and geography if related can be very helpful in your preparation. Look closely at the current affairs questions from previous years you will see that Half of them are directly related, and so is their preparation. I will show you a sample of my prep.The Map method actually helped me remember much better. Similarly Current Affairs which you read from magazines/newspapers can be congregated onto a large blank Map in your room.

Friends, I know a lot still remains to be shared. You can ask them in the Comments so that we can make a separate post of FAQs.

Shikhar Mehta

AIR-25 ESE-14

https://fb.me/mehta.shikhar

PS: Next I will share how I maintained Focus, Clarity, enthusiasm and managed my time during the preparation.

Intrw Exp ( ECE ) ESE by Ran Singh AIR-22 ESE-14

name – ran singh godara

ese rank – 22

interview marks – 130

interview panel – H.C gupta

branch – ece

Interview questions and answers :
The interview panel consisted of a chairperson and three technical expert members.

Questions from the Chairperson:
1) Which place do you belong to?(i answered hisar)
2) tell me somethhing about yourself.(basic of education and family i have told)
3) what are you doing right now.( doing mtech from iit delhi in telecomm. branch)
4)he asked about thesis and what technical  papers and journals i am following for my thesis.( my project/thesis area was cryptography and network security in that
image and vedio encryption and decryption algorithms . i have been followning ieee papers on that topic so i told him name of some papers.)

Questions from Member 1:
1) what is stagnography.( i answered in detail as it is related to my project area cryptography and network security)
2) what is stagnalysis.(it is used for decryption of stagnography).
3) what is DES explain in detail.(it is data encryption system a standard algorithm for encryption of data . i answerd in detail.)
4) why DES is outdated.(des uses 56 bit long key maximum so security is 2^56 which is easily breakable now a days.)
5) what is AES.(aes is advance encryption system . i explained it.)
6) why aes is better than des.(key lenth is 128 to 256 in aes so security is 2^128  and i gave comparison between aes and des.)

Questions from member 2:
1) what is correlation coefficient.(i give formula of correlation coefficient.)
2) what is physical significance of correlation coeficient(they were not satisfied with formula. they want physical meaning.) – i explained by
taking a example from my project that two image points should be low correlated with each other for perfectly encrypted image and correlation
coefficiant should be 0.
3) what is role of correlation coefficient in communication.(i give example using gussian distribution.)
4) what is gussian distribution and why it is so famous and widely used.( i answerd because of central limit theorm and most phenomina follow this)
5) how gussian distribution is used in design of reciver in digital comm. system.(i give the design conciderations and probality of error estimation technique.)

Questions from member 3:
1) what is rician and rayleigh distribution.(i give formula.)
2) draw rician and rayleigh distribution on a paper.( i drawed on paper i was a bit confused but a member helped me.)
3) some basic question on satellite comm. like  what is geosyncronouse satellite and how many are needed for full earth coverage and importance and limmitation of
satellite comm. and some freqquency ranges.
4)some basic questions on optical communication and latest mobile technology like 3g and 4g etc.

Personal experience of Interview:
interview panel was very helpful and friendly . they were very polite and nice people .

Suggestion for future  aspirants:
1) they mostly ask application part of technology . they are not much intersted in formulas and etc. they mostly like physical significane and application.
2) stay calm and cool in interview and be honest(most imp.). if you do not know something honestly say i can not recall right now sir. do not try to give bogus answer.

ALL THE BEST…I hope this will be helpful for some of the aspirants

Firdaus Khan AIR -3 E&TC ESE 2014 Prprtn Strtgy

Firdaus Khan

AIR -3 E&TC , ESE 2014

My preparation Strategy could be divided in 2 Parts Pre GATE preparation and Post GATE preparation.

Pre GATE preparation
I tried to read from the standard books which I used even during course work, solved few questions given at the end of Chapter for Important subjects like Networks, Communication, Signals, EMT, Digital. Solved Kanodia cover to cover and referred the books in case some concepts required more attention.

Made it a point to solve GATE previous year’s papers. Having strong foundation of Network theory and signals system takes one much ahead so these subjects were prepared with utmost importance and from all the available resources.

After completing the theory and basic foundation part, started my revision -the most important phase. Joined 2 online test series-Made Easy and ACE and got hold GATE Forums previous year‘s GATE MOCK papers. I divided my time from Mid-December to Mid-January for each subject depending upon their importance, Again revised the theory part, solved kanodia, previous year’s paper and made a copy in which formulas and some important short notes (FSN Copy) which we tend to forget were noted down.
Before attempting mock test revised my short notes and mainly took ACE academy tests which was chapterized for each subject. After taking test, focused more on questions I could not attempt referred solution, text books for clarity.

After this phase each day from Mid-January to End of January, solved the GATE forums mock papers kept on revising my FSN copy only, these mock papers generally dealt 2-3 subjects together so revised accordingly. Kept on updating my FSN copy if discovered any new concept or short cuts

Mock Test should always be attempted in time bound manner with some timer. Score in these tests hardly matters more important is we should see where we went wrong and how it can be avoided.

I also tried to solve few aptitude, basic Maths questions every day for short durations not just for aptitude sections of GATE but to remain focused and engaged.

There are times while preparation when we tend to feel under confidant or are scared of results, to weed out negativity shared my anxieties with family and friends(My shock absorbers), read Quran and prayed heavily.

On the GATE Exam Day again I revised my FSN copy once and went like a warrior ( tongue emoticon ). Secured AIR -31 in GATE 2014, I was delighted but still “miles to go before I sleep”

Post GATE preparation:

I could not give as much attention to Non GATE subjects as GATE subjects where prepared, so relied on previous year’s papers of Electronics both conventional and objective. Since objectives questions are many a times repetitive, previous yrs. papers work well however for conventional where less questions are repeated,I banked on GATE subjects for scoring in Conventional.

For Doubt clearing in non-GATE subjects made easy notes easily available in market can be useful.

Electrical previous year’s papers for common Subjects (esp. Objective and for Conventional only networks and Digital) were also solved. Tried to attempt previous yrs. papers in time bound manner since in objective speed with accuracy is very important and for conventional also time management is crucial.

In GS relied on previous yr. papers though very few questions are repeated but one can easily understand the pattern. I focused more on English and from previous yr. papers tried to build concept. I’m a daily newspaper reader but for ESE very few relevant questions are asked from current affairs so if one is not used to reading newspaper she can think of other scoring areas.
Studying Made Easy GS Xerox notes 1-2 times is sufficient for our purpose.

For ESE revision FSN copy was my savior, after making it a habit of revising the copy every day, formulas were on tips, considering the fact that ESE has vast syllabus and most of the questions esp. in objectives are formula based, it really helped.

The articles from previous yrs. toppers which were instrumental in giving direction to my preparation are

https://sujithkumarb.wordpress.com/2013/04/10/a-gate-air-1s-preparation/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/03/23/strategy-for-ese-objective-and-conventional-exams/

The books followed by me is almost similar to the books mentioned in above 2 links but I’m listing it again for some important subjects

Networks – Hayt, Schaum’s Series
Electronic Devices – Millman and Halkias ,Sedra &Smith
Analog Electronics – Sedra and Smith
Communication – Simon Haykin and B P Lathi(Analog)
Digital Electronics – Morris Mano, Rabaey
Controls – Gopal, Schaum’s Series
Signals – Oppenheim and Wilsky,Schaum Series
EMT – Sadiku, Hayt,
Microprocessor – Ramesh Gaonkar

All the best.

“The only place where your dream becomes impossible is in your own thinking.” – Robert Schuller

Shikhar Mehta (ECE) Prepration Strtgy ( AIR-25 ESE-2014)

Friends appearing for ESE-15 I am sharing some thoughts on selection of Practice questions and the importance of Test series.

Most of us face a lot of problem while solving previous year questions and Test series. Every second question appears to have new concept. Many times we complain “this is out of syllabus”, “c’mon this topic was not covered in the subject”.

Let’s analyze our problem this way…

When you give a mock test, usually you are able to attempt 25 questions out of 50.Now what happens when you look at the solutions of those wrong/unattempt questions? You actually feel that the solution of almost 45 out of the total 50 was known to you. You were either not able to recall the concept/formula or it simply didn’t strike your mind. In other words 45/50 questions HAD BEEN COVERED IN YOUR NOTES and only 5 questions actually were new. To make sure all these questions from the notes get attempted, you have to practice different questions from every possible good/relevant source.

You should start this way…

Gate previous year (assuming that you are already done with them)

ESE previous year ECE (must)

ESE previous year EE (they are of EE but still much more relevant than any practicing any bsnl JTO paper.)

Then you should go for JRF net question papers. They are really quality questions. Sometimes carry better concept than the gate questions.

You can then get ISRO, BARC, and other papers online.

Practice them, as they will broaden your knowledge and increase your confidence. While doing so do mark important and very important questions (having critical concepts). Do important questions once again while preparing for the subject wise test series. And see very important questions in the last week, since during the last days u cannot go thru all the notes and yet cannot afford to leave any subject completely. So Test series is a Must and discussion is much more important as you complete the syllabi.

Importance of a Test Series

Some institutes like Panacea discuss the question paper in detail after each test. That is highly recommended. if for e.g. you are able to solve 80/120 questions during the test, I feel that it is not something to be happy about. In fact you were able to do those bcoz you had already known that concept. But If you are able to discuss/know those remaining 40 (these are either new questions or the concept involved In those questions didn’t strike you at that point of time.) you will really be able to take something back with you. So apart from time management gaining knowledge should be the aim of the test series. Unfortunately Made Easy TS is not at all suitable for this. They generally never discuss their TS! Moreover the quality of questions In Panacea TS is high. The questions are highly selective. Unlike other institutes which simply provide a similar toughness in TS as that of the UPSC /GATE exam. Every question carries some concept which the examiner wants to convey.

It’s OK. I am not saying that you go to Delhi and join Panacea but understanding which type of questions are to be done (even while self-studying ) is Very important. Some topics like waveguide, antenna, and transmission lines are given in well comprehensive manner in Panacea classroom notes. Do buy those notes.

So to sum it up Good questions + discussion will be effective during the last 3 months and the last 3 months should be devoted to problem solving and Test series.

For the last few days your strategy should be different.

Last time Strategy

During the last two weeks don’t take up anything new. Just practice the solved questions, and the ones you had marked earlier for review. The focus should be more on retaining what you have gained in the last 6 months. The formula should be recalled effortlessly and accurately during the high pressure exam time. This point will be clear to you once you start giving mock tests (doing questions in a time bound way). Next I will post about preparation of GS part.

Shikhar Mehta

AIR-25 ESE-14

IES/ESE CIVIL Prep Strtgy & Intrw Exp. ( Abhay Kumar AIR57, ESE 2014)

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nterchange-newline”> Objective
Cover all the subjects from the standard books.
Time bound practice :- In exam we get 180mins for 120 objectives, 1.5mins for each . So sit for 30mins at a stretch and solve
45obj. This will help you develop speed and accuracy, both of them are very important for ESE exam.

Follow Cross Referencing Method : even covering the standard books , doesnot ensure comprehensive coverage of syllabus.
There are bound to be topics which we skip/ don’t give much importance .

Here the method of cross referencing helps. Whatever objectives you are not able to solve , please study the corresponding topic
from the book. This will include topics which are entirely NEW or topics which you might have skipped. This will increase your
depth of preparation
○ Mark the objectives which you are not able to solve . Revise only these before Coaching test OR final ESE exam.
After covering one subject, solve all the previous year questions ( past 15yrs 2000-2014 will suffice ).
While solving the objectives , please keep the following trivial things in mind.
If you have time , please solve questions, given @ the back of each chapter. ( solved ones ) . This will broaden your horizon and give
you more practice.

Time bound practice :- In exam we get 180mins for 200 marks subjective, 9 mins for every 10marks . While practicing previous year
questions, make sure you complete 10marks questions within 9 mins.

You may not be able to do this in the initial stages of preparations . But I think by April – May , it will be easy.
This will help you develop speed and accuracy, both of them are very important for ESE exam.
• Previous Year questions are Sin-qua-non . Please practice them and mark the important ones. This will help in revision.
Subjective
• For people facing time crunch , please give Made easy GS class notes a few readings
• Solve previous year GS questions of ESE , CDS , CSE exam. Many questions are directly repeated.
• Practice English from Made easy book – this is all that is needed for English .No other book is needed.
• Attempt whole – heartedly.

This is the transcript of my ESE 2014 interview , I typed it down when I came back home. Hope this helps you
– Final marks awarded – 120/200.
– Total Duration 25mins
– Board Chairman – Mr. Manbeer singh
.
Chairman : So Abhay you are from lucknow ?
Me : yes , sir.
CM : Abhay, you did your grad in 2012 , a long time since then , what have you been doing ?
Me: sir, I have been preparing for Engg services exam – last year , I qualified in the written , but missed final selection by just 5 marks , this year I have given the exam
with improved performance.
CM : good ….. there are many civil engineering structures in the world, many bridges , buildings , dams , what do you admire the most ?
Me : sir , Burj Khalifa , the tallest building in the world , Three gorges Dam – biggest dam – ( CM interrupts )
CM : ok we will stick to the building you mentioned ___ Burj Khalifa – …what do you find special in it , apart from the fact that it is that tallest building in the world ?
ME : sir ,in high rise buildings , wind load assumes importance , it can cause toppling of structure , it causes vortex shedding in which the building starts to oscillates
either side and makes the inhabitants very uncomfortable – the design of Burj Khalifa – successfully dealt with these problems. – and this set an example for all high rise
construction. Moreover Concrete used was of very high strength – 80MPA – and it required high workability and good Mix proportioning to pump it to such a height.
CM: you mentioned something about the strength …80…… so how was the strength increased ?
ME : it was done in many ways – increasing the fineness of cement , increasing C3S content , air entrainment.
CM: ok, what is curing ?
ME: Sir , curing is a process in which favourable conditions are created for hydration process to continue unabated. There are many types of curing – water curing ponding , membrane curing – where water is scarce, temperature high – done to prevent evaporation of water from surface , steam curing at low pressure and high
pressure
CM : ok – so Is ice used for curing ?
ME : no , sir .. It will interfere with the hydration process – temperature determines the rate of hydration . It is an important aspect in cold weather concreting
CM : I was seeing that ….. In that dam ….. ice was used …….. ?
ME : yes sir , in dam, mass concreting is done , so due to risk of cracks— concrete in placed in blocks , now we wait for shrinkage to happen so as to plug the gaps
formed – but shrinkage in natural process will take 100 years complete – we have only 5-6 years – so got cold water is poured over the dam like in Three gorges Dam –
and sir ice can also be used.
CM : ok …. Passes onto M1
M1 : what is the use of nanotechnology in civil engineering ?
Me : sir , we can use it in the design of inverted filters for seepage control in dam – here we have to prevent the soil particles from coming up – meanwhile allow water
to flow out thus allowing pore pressure to dissipate.
M1 : ok … tell me in respect of concrete technology ?
Me : we can use it in improving the strength of transition zone in cement paste – all the adverse qualities associated with concrete like cracks is related to it , moreover
using it, we can increase the ductility of concrete – thereby eliminating the use of steel altogether.
M1: How does fineness influence hydration ?
Me : more fine cement has more surface area for the hydration process- hence hydration is speeded up – strength is developed early.
M1 : ok .. how can we use nanotechnology in paint ?
Me: sir , requirements of a paint are – it should be impermeable to flow of water – should be chemically inert – durable – using nanotechnology -atoms , molecules , ions
could be studied and properties suitably altered – to obtain favourable paint.
M1 turns towards CM nods and says Ok — CM passes onto M2:
M2 : ok we were talking about concrete pumps… tell me what pumps were used ?
Me : sir , concrete pumps of reciprocating type were used
M2 : what is the principle in it ?
Me: sir , It works on positive displacement – a plunger moves to and fro and imparts force to the fluid – so displacement takes place
M2 : pipes are used in water supply also – what is the difference between the two?
Me: sir , in water supply there is no solid particles but in concrete pumping solid particles are present so pump should be designed such no wear and tear of the pump
takes place .
M2: what material is the pump made of ?
Me: Cast iron , bcoz it can better withstand the tensile , compressive , bearing stress withstand during the process
M2: Concrete has solid particles that can stick in between the plunger – so how will you tackle that ?
Me : Sir , proper mix proportioning is done to ensure that segregation doesnot take place.
M2: okkk so ……… pumps are also used for ground water extraction also – what kind of pumps are used ?
ME : sir , hand pumps are used – reciprocating nature
M2 : what other methods ?
Me : sir , tube well and bore wells are made
M2: what kind of pumps are used in tube wells and bore wells ?
Me : sir , we have reciprocating and centrifugal pumps, either one of them is used … I don’t know the exact one
M2 : what is the difference between the two ?
Me: sir , basic principle on which they work – in centrifugal kinetic energy converted to pressure energy and in reciprocating – force – displacement – priming
M2 : how will the water come out of the borehole ? On its own ?
Me: no sir , after borehole is dug to the required depth of water bearing stratum – – suction is applied to take out the water.
M2 : ok but suppose there is a farmer – how will he know – he doesnot understand priming and all ?
Me: sir , reciprocating pump has continuous type of flow while centrifugal has variable – electricity use in centrifugal pump and not in reciprocating
M2 : ok…… so tell me what are the types of canals ?
Me : sir , major canals – branch canals – distributary canals – watercourses
M2 : ok so tell me – how to measure the discharge of canals ?
Experience
Wednesday, January 07, 2015 2:39 PM
Civil Engg Page 1
M2 : ok so tell me – how to measure the discharge of canals ?
Me : sir ,discharged is measured through weirs – metering flumes – venturimeter .
M2 : How will you measure the discharge using venturimeter ?
ME : 3 second pause : sir , venturimeter is placed along the flow and piezometer is put to measure the pressure difference and then using Bernoulli theorem discharge is
measurement .
M2 turns to CM – nods and CM passes over to M3
M3 : ok , so what kind of sand is used in the construction ?
Me: sir , coarse sand is used – for example in Burj Khalifa – desert sand was available – it was too fine – load bearing capacity is less – so not used
M3 : there is zoning of sand.
ME : yes sir , zone 1- zone 4
M3 : what is zoning of sand ?
ME: method of gradation of sand
M3: suppose zone 2 sand is not avb zone 3 is avb – what will we do ?
Me : sir , ground improvements techniques will be used – like Vibrofloatation – dynamic compaction – compaction grouting
M3 : yes ok … but we have already talked about that – so tell me in respect of sand as building material – if zone 2 is present instead of zone 3 ?
Me : sir , mix design procedure will be used – there are tables in IS 456 – we will use them in design
M3 : accepts the answer — ok so what will be changes in mix design in above situation ?
Me: sir , sand amount will increase
M3 : are you sure …sand amount will increase or cement ?
Me : yes , it will increase. ( wrong here – I didn’t know the correct answer )
M3 : in black cotton soil – which type of piles are used ?
ME : sir , undreamed piles are used
M3 : ok ,what are the kinds of piles ?
Me : sir , piles are classified acc to type of material used – method of installation like – driven pile – bored pile and —– ( interrupts )
M3 : tell me the diff between driven and bored piles ?
Me : sir , in bored piles – borehole is made – then reinforcement cage is lowered in then concreting is done – while in driven pile – casing is driven in by blows of a
hammer then reinforcement cage is lowered in then concreting is done
M3 : good – what measures do we take to prevent the caving in of excavations ?
ME : sir , bentonite slurry is used – it forms a hard covering ard the soil strata and prevents caving in.
M3 looks at CM – ok sir … CM to me : ok , your interview is over , you may go.
Civil Engg Page 2

Mohit Kumar Aggarwal ESE 2014 Rank-8 (ECE)

Name : Mohit Kumar Aggarwal

Branch : ECE

Rank : 8

Marks in order: 107.22, 147.78, 148.33, 116, 108, 90 (total 717)

Profile : I am currently working in BEL . As BEL is six days working so I used to study 4-5 hours regularly. I seriously started preparing for engineering services from Jan-2014. As I had good academic background ,I was able to score a decent rank in ESE-2014. Here, I am sharing my preparation strategy. I had confined my study material due to less time available for preparation.

Theory:

  1. I referred made-easy handwritten notes for all subjects except control systems.
  2. Books that I referred for various subjects are as given below:
  • Material science : SP Seth(referred only few topics for better understanding),

NCERT chemistry class XII-chapter 1(for crystals packing etc.)

  • EDC : Millman & Halkias
  • Signals and systems : any book may be referred as this subject is completely

Mathematical.

  • Network Theory: Two port network, graph theory, network synthesis from sudhakar Bali and rest from notes only.
  • EM theory : Sadiku (few topics only where understanding was less from notes).
  • Measurement : Wikipedia and internet stuff
  • Analog : Millman & Halkias
  • Digital : Morris Mano
  • Microwave :Kulkarni and some topics from Liao
  • Communication : Analog comm. From singh and sapre , Digital communication from Simon Haykins, Probability Theory from Simon Haykins.
  • Control Systems : Hasan saeed
  • Computer and microprocessor : computer Engineering from Morris Mano, Microprocessor from Gaonkar.

Objective questions:

Last 15 Years questions only.

Subjective questions:

As I have referred books too, so I did not practice any previous years questions.

General ability : I did not study much for this section. Made-easy book can be referred for this section. Life science portion is easy and scoring. Polity section is interesting and class XI NCERT ‘Constitution of India’ can be referred. In history portion read modern history only. Use atlas while studying geography for better understanding. Depend more on internet based info. Do ,solve previous 10 years questions.

Some Important points:

  • Do practice objective previous questions more than twice (solving only specific questions third time)
  • Do regular studies. This exam is all about confidence. If you are studying regularly your confidence will not lose.
  • Conventional previous years questions can be solved (I can’t do it because of shortage of time).Give special attention to microwave, analog, EDC, and EM waves for conventional as other subjects conventional can be solved from objective preparation also.
  • Internet help may be taken for better understanding of some topics.
  • Understanding of topics is essential rather than solving too much same type of questions. So, do pay attention for understanding of topics only.
  • The most important thing is if you are preparing a subject then prepare it completely; first prepare theory and then questions. You will feel more confident about that subject.

Best of luck!!

SAHIL GARG ESE-2014 (AIR-1 Electrical ) : Preparation strategy

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SAHIL GARG ESE-2014 (AIR-1 EE): preparation strategy

I have been preparing for UPSC CSE also and hence was comfortable with GS portion of ESE. Revised from following material for ESE exam specifically:

English: I was Regular reader of “THE Hindu” newspaper. Spent couple of days on difficult words vocabulary list given in the book “Word Power by Norman Lewis”.

Indian History:Modern India NCERT by Bipin Chandra”; Ancient and Medieval India from Made Easy Handbooks.

Geography: My Vajiram coaching notes

Polity: “Indian Polity by M.Laxmikanth”

Life Science: Made Easy class notes

NOTE: If you are preparing GS for the first time and don’t have much time left to prepare thoroughly, go through Made Easy Class notes for GS and if possible their printed handbooks also.

Book List for technical subjects:

I relied heavily on Made easy handwritten notes available in market and previous year questions bank. Referred following books whenever had any specific conceptual doubt:

Electric Machines : “Nagrath and Kothari”

Network Theory: “F F Kuo”

Power Systems : “Nagrath”

Power Electronics : “P.S. Bhimbra”

Instrumentation: “A K Sahani”

Analog Electronics: “Sedra and Smith”

Control Systems: “Madan Gopal”

Communications: “Simon Haykins” and “BP Lathi”

Strategy: Picked one subject at a time and prepared it thoroughly. Read theory, attempted all previous year objective questions side by side while reading theory and finally went through all conventional questions of that subject. Similarly covered all subjects thoroughly one by one. Attempted couple of tests of Made Easy offline test series and couple of tests of ACE online test series for objective. Spent very less time on Material Science, EMT and Microprocessor (read only Made easy class notes once). Did not prepare Microprocessor from conventional point of view.

 

Manish Gurwani prprtn strtgy ( AIR-2 ESE 2014 Electrical )

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Theory: I was a regular classroom student of Made Easy. As per me, class notes of Made easy will suffice. Especially in subjects like EMT, Material Science, Communication Systems, I didn’t refer any book. After going through notes rigorously, I referred to books only in case of specific doubts.

My book list for certain subjects:

Machines : Nagrath and Kothari.

Power Systems : Nagrath.

Power Electronics : P.S. Bhimbra

Questions : I practiced previous year questions for both objective and subjective papers. As you might notice, there are questions in objective exam which are of repetitive nature. Don’t ignore them. Other than previous year questions, I didn’t follow any book for objective papers. For subjective, I did some solved examples from Machines, Power Systems and Power Electronics books which I have mentioned above. My primary focus was on previous year questions.

General Studies and English : Again, I followed Made easy class notes and some parts of their printed material. Questions from Life Science are factual and hence, are of scoring nature. Other than life science, polity and modern history need to be done properly.

For English and current affairs, I have been a regular reader of The Hindu and hence, I was very much comfortable with current affairs questions (though very few are asked). Reading newspaper regularly, improved my vocabulary to a great extent which helped me indirectly in answering questions based on synonyms etc. For English grammar portion, I solved previous year questions. The grammar rules for answering such questions need to be remembered. Again, there are certain grammar rules on which questions are asked very frequently. Focus on those.

I have tried to address some most commonly asked queries. Feel free to message me in case of any other specific doubts.

Wish you all luck!

Ran Singh Godara ESE strtgy (ESE 2014 AIR-22 ECE )

10363741_940918215952560_1176429716615245490_nHello Friends,

i prepared along with M.Tech so my prepration strategy was different. I did not start from begining because i have got some base already as i have cleared gate 2013.I was doing mtech from iit delhi in telecomm. branch.

i seriously started preparing for ies 2014 when ies 2013 written result came(oct. 2013) and i was not called for interview. I feel very bad at that time and take very strong decision to top ies exam.before that i was preparing but not so seriously just reading topics just for interst and doing things just for interst and passing time in name of prepration!

i couldnot prepare along mtech because of hectic workload of semester. so nov. was over and my 1st sem was completed.i have got complete dec. free(in jan nxt sem will be starting).

For prep. 1st thing i did was i make a plan for prep. i decided to give gate again because by doing so my 8-9 subject would be completed. and after gate i will complete rest of subjects and gs. For gate i make a monthly plan as well as weekly plan and that plan was on my wall of room(i have left iit hostel for dec and jan and take a single room in jia sarai).In my study plan i have predecided what i have to cover based on my own analysis(theory and practise). i read made easy notes, ace acadmey notes and for some topics some material from internet i have read. For practise i decided to solve knodia only and give test series(made easy,gatefourm and ace test series). so that was planning only thing left was execution.

In dec i completed almost all theory of gate once .because time was less so i thought i will revise along with test series.In jan sem. begin and only thing i did was to give daily 2 test and remove my weak points from there and revise based on test performance.I did well in test and usually got below 50 rank by this my confidence increases. this way jan goes and then i have given gate. Regarding gate – this exam is differnt then ies and mostly checks the apptitude and smartness of candidate and totally concept based.

after gate i did not waste time and completed 4 subjects in feb and march. Then gate result come at end of march it was great distraction. i have got air 28 in gate 2014 after that prep for ies had slow down and spend time mostly partying(in gate good rank is also bad and bad rank is also bad) . semester work was also there so had to complete that and along with that farewell party to seniors and placement party from seniors(i realy regret how much time i have wasted after gate result).

then finally sem over in mid of may and i again started preparing very seriously. I completed gs and done one full revison of technical subjects.

regarding gs – focus much on english and polity, history(modern india only),and life science. do not waste time on current affairs or gk.and due to time shortage cannot do geography(i regret later for this).

finally and most important — do not forget to live your life during prepration. keep your hobbies alive and stay cheerful enjoy your prepration . this will give you much more energy.i use to do jogging daily for atleast 4 day in a week ( running is my hobby).Always spend some time with friends .This had given me much more energy for my work.

 

Abhishek Singh ESE-2014 ECE Interview Exp. (AIR-1 ESE 2014)

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My interview experience:

Profile:
B.E. (E&T) (University of Mumbai)
M.E. (Comm. Engg Bits Pilani)

Hobby: To read about mobile technology.

Chairman ( Kilemsungla Mam)
1) Which is latest  mobile technology?
2) Do I need a new phone for that?
3) But old age people cannot use hi-fi phones…what do you suggest!?
4) If I buy a new phone..it will generate e-waste…what about that…how to manage?
5) Can we give our old computers and devices to underprivileged people…will that be a problem?
6) What’s the future of communication?

Member1
1) which companies have deployed 4G…is it really 4G?
2)Apart from mobile communication,what are other types of communication?
3) Explain transmission through optical fibre
4) Max range.
5) Explain Sat Comm
6) Is Iridium still used?
7) People nowadays link mobile tower radiation with cancer..your opinion!?
8) You know SAR…what is it and what is its limit?
9) Have you heard about 4K technology (Ultra HD) in TV?

Member 2
1) Source used in radar?
2) difference between reflex klystron and magnetron?

Member 3)
DSP related questions.

So since I was a communication student the questions asked to me were based on communication and it’s applications.

Panel chief always asks situational questions since being an officer you need to know how to deal with real life situations and your interaction with the panel chief is of utmost importance since the panel chief is going to decide your interview marks.

For preparation, what I would suggest that like me if you are a Masters student, prepare your field of specialization perfectly including the concepts, what’s latest in your field,what is the future in your field and development of this field and it’s future in India.

Go through sites of TRAI,ITU,ISO and FCC to understand various parameters like power radiated, call rates,health and environmental impacts.

Abhishek Singh ECE Strategy (AIR 1 ESE-2014 )

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11052878_815424411840135_8373702762653557183_nHello Friends, I am Abhishek Singh (AIR 1-E&T) and here i am sharing my strategy for preparation for IES exam.

General Studies and English

English: went through Made Easy book for English preparation thoroughly

Indian History: Went through Tamil Nadu board history book available in PDF format (11 and 12 std). Completely covers all topics required for exam.

Geography: MADE EASY book

Polity: Lucent GK

Life Science: No book since I was very weak in biology, took help of my sister who is in medical field, reference for syllabus was Made Easy book, For Botany took reference of Lucent GK

GK: Newspaper and Lucent GK

Book List for technical subjects:

So in order to prepare for the subject I used these books and the xerox notes for that subject which are available in the xerox shops.

Material Science:
Notes more than sufficient.

Electronic Devices and Circuits:
For MOSFET specific (Kang)
Power devices ( boylestead)

Signals and Systems:
Notes

Network Theory:
Hayt and Kemmerly

Electromagnetic Theory:
Sadiku

Instrumentation:
David Cooper ( electronic instrumentation and measurement techniques)

Analog Electronics:
Neaman
D. Roy Chaudhary (Linear Integrated Circuits) for Opamps and other circuits

Digital Electronics
Morris Mano
R.P.Jain

Control Systems:
Nagrath and Gopal

Communications:
Noise,AM,FM –  notes
Digital Comm – taub and schilling
Random variables – B.E. Notes

Microwave:
Microwave and Radar engg- Kulkarni

Computer Engineering:
8085,8086 – B.E notes
C programming – Rajaraman
Computer Architecture – B.Ram
2nd book          -Rajaraman

ESE Strategy

Objective:
I picked one subject at a time went through the books that I have mentioned and after that I used to solve Last 15 years questions for that subject. And mark those questions which I could not attempt in the first attempt or had to read the solutions to understand them and then I went through these marked questions whenever I revised that subject so that if something similar comes in exam I can tackle it.

Conventional:
Went through all the solved examples and tried to understand them thoroughly and went through last 15 years solutions for conventional papers to understand the nature of questions asked.

I stressed on getting the concepts rather than practicing similar type of questions again and again.

So u hardly solved for conventional rather stressed on going through the solved examples and previous years question papers.

How to allocate time to various sections:

What I used to do was before dinner (9 pm) used to do technical part and after that when I used to feel tired or sleepy..used to pick up general studies for and hour or so.

I followed this regularly.

Last few days before exam:
Stress on notes  ( yours or xerox of classes…any would do) and leave the reference books and revise because you tend to forget what you have learnt and try to revise as much as possible in limited time available.

During paper:
Objective (GS and Technical)
Try to solve as many as possible.
I left only those about which I was clueless.
Even if I had some idea of that I would attempt that.

Conventional:
Again attempt as much as possible and attempt the questions keeping the viewpoint of minimum damage ( like in which question you can attempt more marks

Some Imp URLS for Interview

These are some Imp Urls  from u ll get information of Indian Railways Services , Indian Telecom Services , and for Civil and Electrical Engineering:

For Indian Railways (common to all four Branches ):

http://mrunal.org/2013/05/economic-survey-ch10-part-5-of-5-railways-anubhuti-spart-project-unigauge-budget-world-heritage.html

http://mrunal.org/2013/01/economy-dedicated-freight-corridors-dfc-high-speed-rail-corridors-rail-tariff-regulatory-authority-issues-challanges-reforms-indian-railways.html

http://mrunal.org/2014/08/economic-survey-ch11-ppp-reforms-3p-india-highway-nhai-industrial-corridors-dmic-dfc-diamond-quadrilateral.html

http://mrunal.org/2014/08/economic-survey-ch11-railway-budget-infrastructure-tariff-authority-biodiesel-biotoilets-fdi.html

For Indian Telecom Service :

http://mrunal.org/2013/05/economic-survey-ch10-part-2-of-5-telecommunication-and-it-e-nayana-boss-sameer-nixi.html

http://mrunal.org/2012/11/economy-2g-scam-spectrum-refarming-sistema-controversy-allocation-of-natural-resources-explained.html

For Civil Engineering:

http://mrunal.org/2013/05/economic-survey-ch10-part-3-of-5-services-road-transport-shipping-aviation-sethusamudram-fans-greenfield-airports.html

For Electrical Engineering :

http://mrunal.org/2013/05/economic-survey-ch11-infrastructure-part-2-of-2-electricity-renewable-energy-bagasse-cogeneration.html

Justify your service preferences in IES interview

One of the most commonly asked questions in IES interview is regarding your service preferences, especially first and last. The panel wants you to answer diplomatically with a clear future in mind. So:

Q.How to justify railways as your first choice?

A. Sir, I have filled choices after seeking much advice and thoughts. I have exercised choices depending on my priorities and long term goals.  Railways is my first choice because it is a matter of prestige to work in the biggest department of the government and the lifeline of the nation. People identify Engineering Servies with Railways and it is a department with personnel from diversified and elite services.Also there is ample scope of modernisation. Recently there is much thrust on introducing new technologies and with projects like Diamond quadrilateral and bullet trains, so I see a very satisfying career full of challenges and opportunities.

(But be ready to be asked on Railways history, current affairs on railways, etc.)

For ECE:

Q. Why is ITS your first choice?

A. Sir, I have exercised my choices after much consultation and thoughts and weighing different options. I have chosen ITS as first preference because of my interest in mobile technology and I believe that Indian Telecom market will grow by leaps and bounds in times to come. With advent of technologies like 3G, 4G and ubiquity of smartphones, I think the best phase is yet to come. Besides, cellular services help us really connect people on various levels and is a key driver of economic growth. It can help government achieve some key targets like e-governance.

(Be ready to be asked on technicalities of 3G, 4G, internet, broadband, BSNL, etc..)

Q. Why is service X your last?

( They want you to not criticize X but answer politely)

A. Sir, I exercised choices eclectically. I have already chosen Engineering services as my career and the list indicates only a realtive order of my preferences. I am not averse to joining service X. If I am selected, I will consider joining it.

If you have any queries regarding IES INTERVIEW,  you can post on our fb group https://www.facebook.com/groups/ASHISH2387/%5D

-Kunal Srivastava

Rank 1 ESE 2012

Rank 44 GATE 2013

Regarding Hobbies in DAF IES Interview

Regarding page on hobbies, medals, etc.

(A) Particulars of prizes,medals scholarships,etc.

Here mention any sports,  debates, event awards won in school or college. If no such achievement( like me), you can also mention any exam rank. Like in 10th,12th Board, IIT JEE or AIEEE, GATE, etc. I had mentioned AIEEE and GATE.

(B) Team/Games/Sports/N.C.C.      /Hitchhiking/Mountaineering etc.

Here any sports only in school, college or appropriate level. Mention even if you HAVEN’T won any awards. Like I had mentioned LAN Computer Gaming.

(C) Position(s) of distinction Leadership held in School/College

Here mention if any event organizer, team leader, etc. I had mentioned Organizer of college technical event.

(D) Other extra curricular activities and interests (Such as hobbies etc.)

This section is MUST. Fill up atleast 2 entries not more than 3. Please keep these points:

1) Hobbies should NOT be absurd like sleeping, eating..

2) If hobbies can be performed at the spot, like singing, sketching, etc, BE READY TO PERFORM in front of the panel

3) Prepare current affairs questions on your hobbies. Like for Chess, match between Carlsen and Anand.

4) Thoroughly reserach your hobbies and prepare expected questions and revise.

5) Do not lie about your hobbies.

6) Don’t mention any CONTROVERSIAL hobbies like politics, etc. where arguments can occur.

7) And lastly if you have so far no hobbies (Like ME), mention easy hobbies. I had mentioned hobbies of Solving Sudoku, Watching English and Hindi movies and writing spoof articles. None if these can be performed on the spot neither much of current affairs.

Do not leave any thing blank on this page. This is the summary of your life so far and it gives first impression, and may be last, of you to the panel.

Regarding IES interview

Regarding ESE Interview:

Congrats to all who are selected.  For your reference you can read:

Some common questions you MUST prepare though not asked frequently

1. Introduce yourself.

2. Why do you to be an IES?

3. Why should you be selected?

4. What are your strengths and weaknesses?

5. Why have you chosen X as your 1st service preference and Y as your last?

6.. What are your hobbies and why?  What are the practical applications of your hobbies? What is the difference between hobby and interest? Why don’t you make one of your hobbies as your profession?

7. Why is a drop of marks in your B.Tech? Tell me some  experiences of your college life.

8. What will you do if not selected this time? Why don’t you go for Civil Services right away? If you are selected in IES, will you still go for Civil services?

9. What are your favourite subjects? What is your current work profile and do you like it?

10. Miscellaneous questions like what have you learnt from your parents, what will you do your first salary, will you prefer job first or marriage first, where do you see yourself in 5 years ,meaning of your name, significance of your birthdate and the day of your interview, your roll number, latest news of that day….

While answering these , keep in mind following points :

1.  Be dressed formally and look fresh and presentable. Politely ask to enter the room, walk upto the panel, wish woman first and then male members. Wait for them to ask you to seat.

2.  Do not criticize your past college, school or job. But at the same time, highlight good points of IES.

3.  Do not answer when you do not know. Politely say that you don’t know.

4. But if you want to guess, ask for their permission.  But do not guess much.

5. While answering maintain eye contact with the panel. Sit straight, do not sit cross – legged and avoid hand movements.

6. Do not disrespect panel and do not argue.  But be confident on what you say. Maintain a polite smile on your face.

7. Prepare every word you have written in your DAF.

Regarding service preference.

Service in railways is hectic, placements initially in rural areas but best in terms of facility and long term career.  If you want to settle in IES only, then choose railways. ( The Railway Stores service is non technical ). If you want to prepare further and wanta less hectic jo, choose others like ITS or WPC in ECE.

Ask respective group admins for more details on service preferences.

ECE Admin: Ankur Gupta Ashish Choudhary Rohit Jain

EE Admin: Sachin Goyal

CIVIL Admin: Ankit Sharma

Please do give 2 or 3 mock interviews.

Prepare questions of recent issues and technical developments.

Some past years interview experiences from our blog https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com

Electronics:

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/17/vivian-marandi-ese-2012-ece-interview/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/ashish-panda-ece-2013-interview/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/rajesh-kumar-ese-2013-interview-ece/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/navneet-sinha-ese-2013-interview-ece/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/ashish-ese-2012-interview-ece/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/kunal-srivastava-eceese-2012-topper-interview/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/praveen-kumar-ese-2013-interview-ece/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/praveen-saroha-ese-2013-interview-ece/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/nitin-deshwal-ese-2013-interview-ece/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/vivek-agrawal-ese-2013-interview-ece/

Mechanical Engineering

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/sunil-yadav-ese-2013-interview-mechanical/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/ravi-teja-ese-2013-interview-mechanical/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/05/04/shubham-pandey-ese-2013-intervirew-mechanical-engineering/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/sunil-yadav-ese-2013-interview-mechanical/

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/ranjak-agarwal-ese-2013-mechanical/

Electrical Engineering

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/charu-tiwari-ese-2013-interview-electrical/

Civil Engineering

https://ieshelpline.wordpress.com/2014/01/16/rajeshwar-kushwaha-civil-ese-2013/

And last thing : Since you got all this information without much effort due to contribution from past candidates so in return you are also requested to upload your experience here in this group after interview. It will surely help next year’s aspirants. And specially the future toppers and successful candidates, if you are reading this then please do share your strategies an experiences.

All the best.

-Kunal Srivastava

Rank 1 ESE 2012

Rank 44 GATE 2013

Shubham Pandey ESE 2013 Intervirew Mechanical Engineering

UPSC Engineering Services Interview 2013  Board:   Dr. (Mrs.) P. Kilemsungla

Date:   10th Jan, 2014   Candidate: Shubham Pandey (Mechanical Engineering)  Result:   AIR 18 with 148/200 in Interview

 Brief Profile:

I, Shubham Pandey, born and brought up in Kanpur, completed my Graduation from Indian Schoolof Mines, Dhanbad in 2011 as a Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering. After the college, I joined Tata Motors, small car division (Nano Plant) at Sanand, Ahmedabad. I worked for an year before started preparing for Engineering Services Examination. I qualified GATE 2013 with AIR 181 and joined Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) in the CS & IT Department at Corporate Office, New-Delhi in the month of November, 2013. As per my Detailed Application Form, My hobbies and interest include Surfing about Computer Applications and E-Services, Playing and watching Football, Compering in Events, Child Education Programme & Blood Donation.

 

Engineering Services 2013 interviews for Mechanical Engineering candidates started on 6th Jan 2014

and I had mine on 10th Jan in the forenoon session. I was the 2nd candidate of the day to be

interviewed by the panel. Panel chairperson was Dr. (Mrs.) P. Kilemsungla. Panel comprised of

Chairperson and 3 advisors.

 

I greeted all the panel members as I entered in the chamber. The chairperson (Dr. (Mrs.) P.

Kilemsungla, hereinafter referred as ‘Ma’am’ ) wished me back and asked to have a seat. She was

going through my summary sheet while asking questions at the same time.

 

 

Ma’am: Shubham, I see in your profile that your interest lies in Computer Science field then why did

you opt for Mechanical Engineering in your Bachelors?

 

Me: Ma’am, when I did my +2, I had my interest in Computer Science field and I was very much

willing to pursue my career in the same field but I could not score a good enough rank to get

Computer Science Engineering in the leading technical institutions in the country. Physics had been

my favourite subject in +2 so the second choice was Mechanical Engineering. Since I have been

through the subjects, I have been in love with it.

 

 

 

Ma’am: So, you are working in BHEL. Tell me something about your job profile.

 

Me: Ma’am, I joined BHEL in last November only and it has been only a couple of months into my

training. I am posted in CS & IT Department in B HEL and have been learning about the IT Network

Security policies and guidelines, procurement methodology of IT assets.

 

Ma’am: Since you are a Mechanical Engineer, how are you coping with IT in BHEL?

 

Me: Ma’am, wherever you go, there is something new to learn. It’s just one has to be ready all the

time and accept the challenge. I am lucky to have been posted in IT Department as it will give me an

exposure to a new field. Also, I have had my interest in this field in the past so it is like a second

chance I have got to pursue my dream. This experience will add up in my profile and will definitely

help me in shaping up my career.

 

Ma’am: I see you are a Footballer. Tell me what values in your character you gained from the sport

Football?

 

Me: Ma’am, Football is a team game so the most important thing I learnt is how to work as a team.

It’s not the goal of an individual that is important but that of the team is what matters. The potential

of every individual of the team should be realised and he should be allowed to play his roles

accordingly. If I am going to score a goal and I see a team-mate of mine in a better position to score

the goal, then I should pass on the ball to him rather than keep it to myself and weaken the chance

of scoring the goal. Thus it also made me learn to make sacrifices for the greater good.

(I should have stretched it further with points like Fighting Spirit, Sportsmanship etc. but it was the

effect of the chamber that I couldn’t think of all these at that point. And trust me, it happens.

Whatever came to my mind, I uttered though realised it later that I could have done much better)

 

Ma’am: You graduated from Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad. Have you heard about mines fire over

there? When you joined college, were you given any sort of special instructions regarding the same?

What is its impact on the environment?

 

Me: Ma’am, my college was at some distant approx. 15-20 KMs from the mining area so it was not

much of a problem for us so no such special instructions were given at that time. I have been to that

area and have witnessed the density of the coal particles suddenly going really high compared to the

main city as you enter in that zone. All the times, there is smoke coming out of the ground that

causes poor visibility even in the broad daylight. At times, it’s difficult for the people living nearby to

even breathe properly. It has caused many life threatening diseases to them. Environmentalists are

protesting against the same but no action has been taken for years.

 

Ma’am: Shubham, you have been involved in a Child Education Programme. Tell us something about

it. What values did you try to impart on the children?

 

Me: Ma’am, There is an NGO named Kartavya, operating in the slums nearby our college hostel. It

gave free tuitions to needy children, helped them financially for their books, education fee and other

needs. I was associated with the same and was spreading computer awareness among the enlisted

children. My role was to make them see the new dimensions of this computer era. When we were of

their age, we didn’t even know about computers and now days, it has been an inseparable part of

our daily life. So I made them understand its basic usage of it with its practical aspects.

 

 

I tried to give them the vision of the future world exploiting the benefits of technology and the

possible roles they can play that can benefit the society.

 

Ma’am: I am asking about the values you transferred to the children.

 

Me: (I could not think of a proper answer to this question, perhaps I was too nervous to think. I took

a pause and then replied to her) Ma’am, as I am a part of this child education program while also

doing my bachelors, children see this things as an inspiration to do something for the society. This

way, we taught them a sense of responsibility for the society to perform their duties when they

come to age.

(I still can’t believe how I could not think of honesty, patriotism, brotherhood kind of stuff, may be it

was the chamber effect once again)

 

Ma’am: So you are saying you are posing as an ideal for them?

 

Me: No Ma’am, that’s not what I intend to but if this value is getting transferred automatically, I am

happy to be a part of it.

 

[Ma’am then asked the other panel member to take over (referred as ‘M1’ hereinafter)]

 

 

M1: So Shubham (looking towards my summary sheet), you have mentioned that your hobby is

Surfing about computer applications and E-Services. Tell me what is this ‘core’ thing? You must have

heard of dual core, quad core and octa core machines. What does the term core refer to?

 

Me: Sir, Cores are the parallel data pipelines inside the processor. These are used to increase the

speed of processing. More the number of cores better will be the clock speed.

 

M1: Is it the speed only that gets benefited from increasing the number of cores or there is

something else as well?

 

Me: Sir, I have heard about speed only.

 

M1: Have you heard of redundancy?

 

Me: No Sir, I don’t know about it.

 

M1: Okay, so I see you are working with BHEL in the field of data security. Tell me, how does this

data get leaked from our system? Until we know where the loophole is, we won’t be able to plug it.

Earlier we used digital form of data for communication but it was very easily compromised so we

started using fibre optics where data is transmitted in form of light signals that is more secure.

Despite of all these measures, you tell me how hackers get into our data?

(He took entire minute or two to make me understand what he’s trying to ask. Actually the panel

was very co-operative, tried to make me comfortable every now and then with questions and

otherwise as well but still, it was a tough job to hold your nerves for half an hour.)

 

Me: Sir, whatever our confidential data is, we use some sort of encryption before transmitting it and

if the hacker is smart enough to decrypt it, he gets access to all the information. So the security of

data entirely depends upon how good our encryption is.

 

 

 

M1: So what are the types of encryption we use now days?

 

Me: Sir, I have heard of a few protocols for encryption like WEP, WEP-2 but I don’t know much about

it.

(WEP is actually the Wireless Encryption Protocol that I recalled from one instance when I was trying

to set up my Wi-Fi network. Such recollections can be life saviour at times)

 

M1: Okay, since you don’t know much about it, let’s move ahead. You tell me how do you plan to

use your hobby in your office? How do you propose to use technology at your workplace?

 

Me: Sir, I’ll try to put up a ‘ Paperless Office’ in place where all the documents will be in digital form

instead of hard paper. The documents can be sent through mail very quickly compared to the postal

delays in case of hard copy. If one needs to sign a document, he can go for digital signature of even

use a light pen to mark the signature on the digital document. This will greatly improve the efficiency

of the system. Also, Going Green this way can help us in saving a number of trees thus saving the

environment.

 

M1: Suppose you are in Railways and you have to accept some payment from a vendor/customer,

how would you set up a process of E-Payment?

 

Me: Sir, there are payment modes made available by banks on RBI guidelines like NEFT and RTGS.

One can use these methods for making the payment. Also, these days, many payment gateways are

there like BilDesk, Pay U, PayZippy, and PayPal etc. We can contact any of these payment gateways

to provide the service of E-Payment. These gateways can collect the payment from the customer

through any debit/credit card or net banking mode and deposit the same into our account. They

take a nominal processing charge for the same. These transactions are secure and efficient.

 

M1: Okay, what if a customer claims that he has made a payment but it doesn’ t turn up into our

account books? What if the customer lies about making a payment? What are the cross-checks put

to stop fraudulent activities?

 

Me: Sir, whenever a person makes any payment over internet through any payment gateway, it

always takes place over a secured connection in which an extra layer of security is added. His IP

address, Browser etc. details are noted down which can be cross checked against those claimed by

the customer. Also, the online payment has to be from some account be it a credit/debit card or net

banking account, in case of a dispute, the account statement can be verified against the claim of the

customer.

 

M1: I see you have worked for Tata Motors for about a year. Today morning itself I was reading an

article in the newspaper that the auto sales have plunged to a decade low level. Why do you think

there is such a low sales volume in auto industry and what is Tata Motors doing for it?

 

Me: Sir, it has been a tough year for most of the industry sector and auto industry is no different to

it. Major economies like USA & China are facing tough times for revival. Infrastructure development,

steel industry everything is on a downside. Besides these, increasing inflation and fuel prices have all

put a lot of impact in the sales volume.

 

 

Market is growing extremely competitive for Tata Motors with the profit margin going down. They

are running an extensive ad campaign and are trying to woo its customers by providing attractive

vehicle finance schemes, giving freebies with the vehicle simultaneously doing a lot of Value

Engineering on the vehicles to bring the cost down.

 

M1: Don’t you think this reduction of auto sales can be attributed to the growing fond of shared

transport systems?

 

Me: Sir, if you talk about metro cities say Delhi, here the shared transport systems like Delhi Metro

has really made an impact on the auto sales giving quality services in a time bound manner. Growing

traffic leading to delays has made people think about opting out of their own vehicle and turn

towards such shared transport systems. But once you move away from these metro cities, there, the

state of shared transport is still not very good so people are relying on their own vehicles. I don’ t see

the shared transport systems making a significant impact on auto sales in such cities.

 

M1: I see you graduated from Indian School of Mines. Did you learn anything about mines?

 

Me: No Sir, we didn’t have any course relating to mines in our curriculum so I don’ t know much

about it. There were separate streams like Mining/Mining Machinery/ Mineral Engineering dealing

with the courses on mines.

 

(M1 then asked M2 to take over)

 

 

M2: What is this you have written BNSDSNIC Kanpur as your school? What is its full form?

 

Me: Sir, BNSDSNIC stands for Bishambhar Nath Sanatan Dharm Shiksha Niketan Inter College.

 

M2: I see you worked for Tata Motors till July 2012 and then joined BHEL in November 2013. What

were you doing in between?

 

Me: Sir, I was preparing for PSUs and Engineering Services Examination.

 

M2: When you resigned, who was the chairman of the Tata Group?

 

Me: Sir, it was Mr. Ratan Tata but he was working on passing the baton to Mr. Cyrus Mistry.

 

M2: Do you know who the Sr. Vice President HR of Tata Motors is?

 

Me: (Taking a pause) Sir, I recall his face but at this point I am not able to recall his name.

 

M2: It’s okay if you don’ t recall.

(Talking to Ma’am, explaining his anxiety behind asking this question, He said that he read

somewhere that the Sr. V.P. H.R. of Tata Motors is a very humble, down to earth person. At his level,

you don’t expect someone to enquire about the conditions on the grass root level all by yourself

but he himself visited the Pune plant and asked everybody to keep his visit a secret so as to take a

look of what actually are the problems at the shop floor so he was anxious to know if I know his

name)

M2: You have graduated from ISM, Dhanbad. You must have heard about the issue of illegal coal

mining in that area. How do you think that these coal mafias are operating at such a level?

Me: Sir, this illegal coal mining industry has been operating for quite long and with time, it has

grown big with size and wallet. Had it been a one time or five times or even ten times affair, I would

have taken it for a mistake but Indian Police is such a big organisation that it is hard for me to believe

that this sort of illegal activities going on at this level for such a long time would have gone

unnoticed. In my opinion, to operate at such a level, there must be some understanding between

the mafias and the officials in the background.

 

M2: That will be all from my side.

 

(M2 then asked M3 to take over)

 

 

M3: What are the conditions in which a player is shown a red card in a football match?

Me: Sir, Red cards are awarded to a player when he acts against the spirit of sport in the football

ground. That may include deliberately trying to cause an injury to a rival player, not obeying to the

match referee; even two yellow cards will get converted into Red Card.

M3: Okay, you have written Blood Donation as your interest. How much blood does 1 unit of blood

contain?

Me: Sir, it depends on country to country and person to person. The standard 1 unit of blood is

equal to 1 US Pint i.e. approx. 450 ml of blood. From females, generally 350 ml of blood is drawn in

one go.

 

M3: And how frequently can one donate blood?

Me: Sir, in case of whole blood donation, the duration between 2 blood donations has to be 3

months at least, But there are some new techniques in play like Apheresis, where one can donate

again even after 48 Hours. This is very popular in case of Platelets donation where blood is drawn

from one hand, processed in machine, required part is collected in a bag and the rest of the part

been pumped back into the body through the other hand or through the same hand at an interval.

(M3 then asked Ma’am that he is done with me, Ma’am took over again)

Ma’am: Shubham, I see you have mentioned compering in events in your interests. This is something

unique I have seen. Tell me something about it? What should be the qualities of a good compere?

Me: Ma’am, I had my education from a Hindi medium school. I always took college as a platform not

only to excel my technical skills but also extra-curricular skills and getting equally proficient in English

was a herculean task for me. Initially I was afraid; I even saw English movies dubbed in Hindi, at

times feeling shameful for it. Then I gathered some courage, started building my vocabulary, and

watched lots n lots of English movies and serials, firstly with sub-titles, eventually understanding the

accent. I asked my seniors to help me with this and they put their confidence in me and gave me the

opportunity to face the crowd, they asked me to host an event. And that is where it began. I have

never looked back ever since.

A Compere’s most important quality is how well he can keep the crowd connected to the program.

He should be entertaining with the talent of making even a dull event into a lively one. Interacting

with the audience, taking their response every now and then, his readiness to the unexpected

responses and situations, all these things make a Compere worth watching for.

Ma’am: How about the script of the program? Isn’t it important for the compere?

Me: Ma’am, the script should always be in the back of the head of compere but keeping the crowd

entertained and connected to the program is also necessary for him to be the star of the show.

Ma’am: (with a gentle laugh) the entertainment part is also important, right. Okay, Shubham. That

will be all. It was nice talking to you. You may go now.

Me: Thank you Ma’am, Thank you Sir!!!

Post Interview Thought:

My interview went smoothly with only one or two hiccups in between. I was surprised for not being

asked any technical question at all pertaining to my Mechanical Engineering background. I was

expecting around 120 marks but this year UPSC was very generous towards Mechanical Engineering

Students. I got 148 

These interview marks were of really high importance in taking me to AIR 18 as only 2 of the

candidates had scored less than 500 marks out of 1000 in the written papers that ended up in top

25. I was one of those two guys.

Hope my experience will help you. All the best!!

Shubham Pandey

ESE 2013 AIR 18

Mechanical Engineer

HOW MANY ATTEMPTS DO I NEED TO QUALIFY ANY EXAMINATION?

 

After a long long time, I am back to my blog.

Today I am going to write on a topic on which I was thinking to write for a long time. Now that I have got the time to express my views here, let’s see what I have to see & whether you are going to agree with me or not.

Many people have a ‘big’ question in their mind- “Can I clear xyz exam in my first attempt?”  This ‘xyz’ could be any examination, be it GATE or IES or IAS or CAT etc etc

A closely related version of this question is – “How many attempts do I require to clear xyz exam?”

I bet at some point or the other, this question might have come to your mind. I know this because it happens to everyone, even me too. But eventually I realized the secret behind the “attempts” question. I am going to reveal that secret today..

 

First of all, why are we so much obsessed with attempts?

The first & the obvious reason is that it tells how much years one has saved, preparing for the examination. But, what I think is that this ‘unit’ is faulty, unless you combine with your age. A guy of 24 years age having cleared the exam in 2nd attempt will be in a similar position with a guy in his 25 having cleared in first attempt.

Obviously, everyone wants to reach to the top as quickly as possible. The early one starts, the earlier he gets to the position.

Moreover, coaching try to commercialize this ‘attempts’ as their marketing strategy. We tend to fall for that strategy, unfortunately.

But is this really an important criteria? Why attempts matter so much? And most importantly, how can I get out of this ‘attempts’ mindset?

 

To know the answers to these questions, let’s ask ourselves another question- What changes when a guy goes for his next attempt after being unsuccessful in his previous attempt?

When someone goes for a further attempt, according to what I have seen & felt, these changes appear-

(1)    Knowledge – Not much change. Say 10-20% only!

(2)    Strategy – Changes substantially.

(3)    Attitude towards exam- Changes substantially.

This means, an extra attempt does not means extra study. It means change in attitude & strategy. No doubt, exceptions are always there.

Before we proceed further, let’s have a look at 3 types of people into which all of them can be classified. This classification is based on the “learning from the mistakes” attitude. How quickly one adapts to the changes required in his/her strategy, makes him/her stand out of the crowd.

Type 1- These people are extremely smart as they learn from the mistakes of others. They keep on looking for the mistakes that there seniors did in their previous attempts. Then they check whether they lack in that field too & if needed, they improve on that. Many people go to coaching for the same. These people when go for their first attempt, find many loopholes already filled by them. Such people, mostly clear the examinations in 1st or 2nd attempt.

Type 2- These people somewhat lag from type 1 people as they only learn from their own mistakes.They sit for their first attempt without any guards & unfortunately find it too difficult to clear. But subsequently, they start to learn their mistakes in previous attempt & by improving on them, they come with flying colors in 2nd or 3rd attempt. That depends on how quickly one learns from his mistakes after recognizing what were his mistakes.

Type 3- These people don’t learn at all. They keep on applying for the exams again & again & again without any change in strategy or methodology only to see the same result again & again & again.

 

So, now we know about the three type of people. The point to ne noted is that the classification is not based on someone’s intelligence. It is based merely on the person’s attitude to learn.

 

The Quickly you learn, the quickly you qualify.

 

But you know, what is the best part? The ‘type’ of the person can be changed. Bring that change is yourself. Talk to seniors, talk to classmates. Talk about their mistakes done in previous attempts. I agree that luck plays a role too, but that role is limited. You should give your best.

Forget about the number of attempts. Only remember one thing- Improvement in strategy & techniques. The difference between a selected & a not-selected candidate is created during the 3 hours exam only.

Have faith in yourselves, Have faith in your learning abilities. Be Unconventional.

TOP 5 REASONS TO HAVE DIFFERENT STRATEGIES FOR GATE & IES

 

So, this is my third post on this blog. The reason behind my “over-blogging” is the awesome response that i am getting. First of all, thank you for the overwhelming response. Moreover, my aim is to make my blog post reach each & every aspirant. Everyone should be gained by my experiences, only then the purpose of blog will be served. So, if you find this blog useful, please share it on facebook & other social media using the buttons at the end of this post.

 

Now, back to the business. 

I have met many aspirants. Most of the students who prepare for GATE, prepare for IES too. Since GATE is conducted first ,usually students adopt a strategy & studying methodology for GATE . Once GATE is over, they continue the same strategy & trends of preparation for IES too. Is this a correct way? I don’t think so. Why? let’s see..

1. Syllabus-  The syllabus for both of them is different. Syllabus is a boundary to which you MUST stick to. Whether the deviation is positive or negative, it will be harmful for examination. While in GATE, maths is a subject whereas in IES you need not study maths. Apart from this, there are many topics that are included in IES syllabus which are out of GATE syllabus.

2. General studies-  This one is like an extension to the previous point. Initially, students are focused on preparing for GATE, during which they don’t bother to look after GS & Current affairs. After GATE, sometime around March, they start preparing GS for IES, which is very wrong. GS is something which should be studied regularly, even if for 30 minutes in a day. Believe me, it will help you a lot.

3. Toughness level of questions- The questions that you will face in GATE will be far more tough to solve than that of IES. GATE questions require you to apply many concepts in a single problem. You should have good problem solving capabilities for that. You should be able to think that far. On the other hand, most of the questions that are asked in IES are direct & formula or a single concept based.

4. Time factor IES is a game of time whereas GATE is not. In GATE, you have to solve 65 problems in 3 hours. That means around 2.5 minutes per question. That is a fair deal. On the other hand, in IES you have to solve 120 questions in 2 hours, so 1 minute per question. That means, in GATE, you get almost 2.5 times more “time” per question. But the level of question compensates it. Conclusion is that- For GATE, you have to be Vishwanathan anand , while for IES, you have to be Milkha Singh 🙂

5. Subjective paper-  IES exam really really sucks since it has a subjective paper. It is the major difference between GATE & IES. This single difference demands many changes in strategy-

  • Reading proofs & derivations
  • Heavy duty writing practice- For continuous 3 hours
  • Solving subjective problems- No options to crosscheck 😉
  • Clear & legible handwriting
  • etc..

 

And this completes the entry.

Now you know why you should have different strategies for GATE & IES & you should prepare accordingly. 

This post can be summarized as-

IES requires- 

  • speed
  • quick response
  • writing practice
  • derivations & formulae

GATE requires-

  • Thought process
  • Crystal clear concepts
  • Concept application abilities

Now, if you have any doubts/feedbacks/suggestions/queries/compliments, please comment below. 🙂

 

PS: If you want to be informed whenever a new post appears, subscribe using the follow box on the right side & “Like” my FB page.

MUCH NEEDED MOTIVATION CAPSULE FOR GATE/IES ASPIRANTS

 

I know that you are a GATE/IES aspirant & that’s why you are here. You may be in 2nd/3rd/final year of college or may be preparing by joining a coaching after completing your engineering.

So, it is good & nice upto now.

So dear, how is your preparation going?

Most of you will reply..

“Theek Thak.. So So.. “

“Haan chal rahi hai.. dekho kya hota hai..” (Yes it is going .. let’s see where does it goes)

“Arey sab lite hai” 😉

Why this lack of confidence?

Mostly, this happens due to lack of motivation. Motivation is one of a tricky bitch. It leaves you in the midst of the war. You will keep thinking like this & boom.. next day is your exam. What then?

It is completely natural to lose interests in studies or not doing it upto the mark it is required. Question is how to get back on track? You need to look after these points-

 

1.       How bad do you want it?

 Yes, how bad do you want it? Do you want to clear exam & have an awesome future & write an awesome blog like this or waste your time chatting with your friends? Do you want it more than a party? Do you want it more than a funny serial?

Remember it may not be important for you & may be lying far far below in your list of preferences. But there are many many students who put it first on the list & by the time you are done reading this article they will have solved a problem.

You might have heard about this anecdote which I am reproducing here-

A young man asked Socrates, an ancient Greek philosopher, the secret of Success. Socrates told the young man to meet him near the river the next morning. They met.

Socrates asked the young man to walk with him toward the river.

When the water got up to their necks, Socrates took the young man by surprise and ducked him into the water. The man struggled to get out but Socrates was strong and kept him under water until he started turning blue.

The young man struggled hard and finally managed to get up. The first thing he did was to gasp and take a deep breath.

Socrates asked, “What did you want the most when you were under the water?”

The man replied “Air”.

Socrates said: “That’s the most secret to success. When you want success as badly as you want air, you will get it. There is no other secret”.

2.       Are you living each & every moment of your life?

One basic mistake that most people do is to forget that they are living. Don’t forget you are a human being, you have a life. You are not here to waste your time here & there. If you don’t feel like studying why don’t you take a stroll while enjoying the surrounding rather than checking your phone or facebook account?

Take a new hobby in hand & try it! Who knows you find it even more intriguing than anything else. And please choose something productive.

You don’t live in decades, years, months or days, not even in hours. You live in moments. Let this very moment count. If you let all those moments slip away like that, in the end, you will only find disappointment.

The day you start using each & every moment of your life, you will definitely conquer. At the end of day, ask yourself where have you spent each second of your day? Was it worth it? Or you could have done it better?

The Exams are few months away & if you keep wasting your time like that then you know what will happen. Keep asking yourself a question- The thing that I am doing, is it worth one second of my single precious life?

I found this over internet which I feel like sharing here-

Imagine there is a bank which credits your account each morning with $86,400, carries over no balance from day to day, allows you to keep no cash balance, and every evening cancels whatever part of the amount you had failed to use during the day.

What would you do?
Draw out every cent, of course!
Well, everyone has such a bank. It’s name is time.
Every morning, it credits you with 86,400 seconds.
Every night it writes off, as lost, whatever of this you have failed to invest to good purpose.
It carries over no balance. It allows no overdraft.
Each day it opens a new account for you.
Each night it burns the records of the day.
If you fail to use the day’s deposits, the loss is yours.
There is no going back. There is no drawing against the tomorrow.
You must live in the present on today’s deposits.
Invest it so as to get from it the utmost in health, happiness and success!
The clock is running. Make the most of today.

To realize the value of ONE YEAR, ask a student who failed a grade.
To realize the value of ONE MONTH, ask a mother who gave birth to a premature baby.
To realize the value of ONE WEEK, ask the editor of a weekly newspaper.
To realize the value of ONE HOUR, ask the lovers who are waiting to meet.
To realize the value of ONE MINUTE, ask a person who missed the train.
To realize the value of ONE SECOND, ask a person who just avoided an accident.
To realize the value of ONE MILLISECOND, ask the person who won a silver medal in the Olympics.

Treasure every moment that you have! And treasure it more because you shared it with someone special, special enough to spend your time.

And remember, time waits for no one.
Yesterday is history.
Tomorrow is a mystery.
Today is a gift. That’s why it’s called the present.

 

3. Think Positive-

Stop procrastinating. Stop thinking about failure. Always think positive. Always think that you can do it. Always think that you are on the right track.

You will see that it will change things. You can read more about it here.

4. Keep End Results in Mind-

Keep going. Try to innovate things. Try to make things simpler, easier & interesting for you. Wherever you are wasting your time, why are you doing that? I know it feels interesting now. But think of the end result. Whatever you are preparing for, it has an end result. An awesome end result, a truly life changing experience.

Everything that you do, every single thing, no matter how little or feeble appears it to you has a result.

You don’t realize it, but you are breathing this very moment & that is keeping you alive. You will notice it very much the moment you try to stop it.

So, be ready to face the results of your actions. You are the master of your actions & so the results too.

Have you seen the movie series ‘Butterfly effect’? Well it is a science fiction, but it has portrayed very beautifully how a single incident can change your life completely.

In physics, we have a concept of Parallel universe. Each universe is made up of the different choices you would have made in each moment. Why not to live in the best of those parallel universes by constructing it for yourself?

Without stretching it more, let me end this article with one of my personal thought. I always feel that beauty lies more in the listener than orator, more in the reader than the writer. It is because we like only those things which are in resonance with our personality. If you have liked reading this article, and are feeling motivated, don’t let that beauty in you go waste.

Give it your best.

Always remember this quote from Sherlock Holmes-

“I Play the Game for the Game’s Own Sake..”

Comments & Feedbacks are most welcome..

A Little Request- If you have liked this post & think it worth sharing, don’t hesitate to spread the word on facebook or any other media of your choice. Thank you.

WHY DO PEOPLE FAIL IN GATE/IES- KNOW THE RULES OF THE GAME..

 

We find many people studying and studying and studying continuously for days, months & even years in some case, without any substantial success in examinations.

On the other hands, there are some people who enjoy every aspect of their life even then they manage to clear the examinations in their first attempt! How does that happen? Where was the difference created?

 

You may say that the second guy might be a genius, a prodigy having exceptionally good intelligence. Ok, I agree that some will be like that, but not everyone is like that. What the first type of people are missing is the right approach. How?

Let’s take an example.

I guess that you must have played the game of carom sometime in our life upto now.. Whether you enjoy it or not is not the question here.

Suppose you have a carrom tournament 10 days from now. You go to market, buy a truckload of books about carrom, search on Wikipedia, join carrom groups on facebook, join google groups about carrom etc etc.. You lock yourself in a room with those books & for minimum distraction, you switch off your phone. You discuss with people on the groups & read the books.

Now, you do this continuously for 10 days. What will happen at the tournament?

Will you win? I doubt you could even win a single match!

So, what was the problem with your approach? Everyone thought that you were preparing for the tournament very well but you fell directly on your face.

The thing is that- You missed the rule of the game.

In carrom you don’t get points for knowing about the game, but to play the game well. Unless you can show what you know, your knowledge is useless.

Can you see where am I going with this?

To win, you should know the rules first.

In exams like GATE or IES, or most of the examinations of the world,

You are judged on the basis of your solutions that you do within a fixed period of time, and that’s all!

You will not be judged on the basis of-

How much have you studied,

How many hours have you studied,

Whether you joined coachings etc

So, if you are preparing without practicing, you are digging your own grave. In the end, you will think like-“ I always study so much, but I never get to clear the exams.. I have a bad luck..”

Dear friend, bad luck is nothing but your own thinking & deeds.

Moreover, thinking like this, will not fetch you anything but more disappointment.

So, pick up a pen & paper & start practicing if you haven’t started till now. GATE is only a few months away.

Ending this article with this apt chinese proverb-

I hear and I forget.
I see and I remember.
I do and I understand.

All the best 🙂

If you feel this article sharable, share it so that you can have more tough competitors in exams.. 😉

HOW TO PREPARE FOR GS & ENGLISH PART OF IES EXAM (WITHOUT COACHING) ?

 

Hello Friends,

I hope you all are preparing for the exams in the best of your spirits.

In this post, i will tell you how to prepare for GS & English for IES exam. This one haunts many people who are preparing for IES on their own.

But, before telling how to prepare for these, i think i must tell you some important things about the paper.

  1. GS & English is asked only in Paper I of objective part of IES exam. This comprises of 200 marks & 120 questions. Out of this, 60 are from GS & 60 are from English.
  2. Questions from GS can be categorized into two parts- Static part & Current based part.
  3. English part consists of synonyms, antonyms, sentence correction, comprehension etc.
  4. Since the paper counts for 200 marks out of total 1000 marks of written part. Neither you should leave it totally, nor you should “over-do” it. It should be given just sufficient time & preparation.

Now, How to prepare?

 

  1. For GS- Static part- I used this book published by made easy every year. This is a very good book & covers almost everything that you need for the exam. The book is a bit bulky, but that is due to the big font & ample spacing that they have provided inside. If you have this one, you need not go for anything else & I will recommend it as a must have for IES GS part. – General Studies for IES 2014
  2. For GS- Current part- If you read newspaper regularly, you are done. But if not, then you can follow this-Current affairs by Jagran Josh. You need not delve very deeply into the news items like IAS aspirants, just skim through the headlines & know what is going on.
  3. For English Since IES 2014 is still a long way to go, you have ample time. Buy this book & go for it religiously. Give it around 30 minutes everyday & you will come up with flying colors. – Objective English for Competitive Exams

So, the book list is in front of you. Buy the books & start studying them today onwards.

This paper has a lot of potential. If you are able to get 75 in both of the parts, you will end up with 150/200.

For the GS static portion, from the book, preference should be given to polity, modern history, science & technology & economy. If you get time after, then you can go for other sections too.

Vocab building is a continuous process. Do it everyday. Take 4-5 words & try to learn them by making sentences with them. This website updates 4-5 words everyday with excellent usages.  You can also subscribe to their website to get all those words delivered to your mail box daily. Testfunda.com- Daily Word list

If you have any further queries, you are most welcome to ask them in comment.

PS: If you still haven’t subscribed for the blog, you are not being fair to me :-(  (Just kidding 🙂 ) Do it now!

HOW TO REMAIN MOTIVATED WHILE STUDYING FOR EXAMINATIONS?

HOW TO REMAIN MOTIVATED WHILE STUDYING FOR EXAMINATIONS?

I have a big problem.

Somehow, I don’t feel myself interested in a task that don’t pose a challenge to me. Or if I couldn’t create something new in it. Many of my friends will agree to this.

I like to do things differently. But we are not here to talk about me. We are here to talk about you. I feel that making things work differently makes it interesting.

Since you are an aspirant, many times you must be feeling that you are losing interest in the studies. The only way to keep yourself motivated is to make the subject matter interesting.

But how to make it interesting? That’s the first question that we have in front of us. I am giving you some pointers on this.

 

  1. Visualize it- Whenever you are studying anything, try to visualize it. Visualize in the most bizzare manner. You should visualize it in color, you should feel like a movie is running in front of you. It may be tough if you are studying too technical topic but once you become proficient in this, you will find it cool. It has two added benefits- first, it improves the chances of it being stored in your long term memory & second, it improves your IQ! Yes, I have to write another post on this.

  2. Timify it- Yes you read it right. TIMIFY! I have made this word myself & since it is my blog I hold all the rights to invent new words. By the way, Timify = Time + Amplify. I do it by attaching every task with time. If you are solving problems, fix a time period to do it. Do it in short intervals. Say, you put up an alarm for 15 minutes & then you see how much can you do it in those 15 minutes. It improves your concentration & saves you from wasting time in daydreaming.

  3. Compete with yourself- Test yourself regularly & try to beat your last score. Try it hard. The moment you start competing with yourself, you will pave a way for yourself to the top. Don’t compete with others, it will make you jealous & will have effect on personal relations.

  4. Be creative Please agree to disagree with the conventional ways of doing things. Even If every person on this earth is adopting an approach, it doesn’t means that it is the best approach. Try inventing your own, simple, more efficient ways to do things. One example was the presentation making which I discussed in my last post.

  5. Most Importantly, use your brain-  Don’t just read something, absorb it. Think about it. It will make the subject matter more interesting.

So, that’s all for today. I hope this post will help you in sticking to your books for at least an extra second. 😉

See you in my next post, till then.. Keep studying, Keep timifying & always remember-

Winners dont do different things,they do things differently

HOW MANY ATTEMPTS DO I NEED TO QUALIFY ANY EXAMINATION?

After a long long time, I am back to my blog.

Today I am going to write on a topic on which I was thinking to write for a long time. Now that I have got the time to express my views here, let’s see what I have to see & whether you are going to agree with me or not.

Many people have a ‘big’ question in their mind- “Can I clear xyz exam in my first attempt?”  This ‘xyz’ could be any examination, be it GATE or IES or IAS or CAT etc etc

A closely related version of this question is – “How many attempts do I require to clear xyz exam?”

I bet at some point or the other, this question might have come to your mind. I know this because it happens to everyone, even me too. But eventually I realized the secret behind the “attempts” question. I am going to reveal that secret today..

 

First of all, why are we so much obsessed with attempts?

The first & the obvious reason is that it tells how much years one has saved, preparing for the examination. But, what I think is that this ‘unit’ is faulty, unless you combine with your age. A guy of 24 years age having cleared the exam in 2nd attempt will be in a similar position with a guy in his 25 having cleared in first attempt.

Obviously, everyone wants to reach to the top as quickly as possible. The early one starts, the earlier he gets to the position.

Moreover, coaching try to commercialize this ‘attempts’ as their marketing strategy. We tend to fall for that strategy, unfortunately.

But is this really an important criteria? Why attempts matter so much? And most importantly, how can I get out of this ‘attempts’ mindset?

 

To know the answers to these questions, let’s ask ourselves another question- What changes when a guy goes for his next attempt after being unsuccessful in his previous attempt?

When someone goes for a further attempt, according to what I have seen & felt, these changes appear-

(1)    Knowledge – Not much change. Say 10-20% only!

(2)    Strategy – Changes substantially.

(3)    Attitude towards exam- Changes substantially.

This means, an extra attempt does not means extra study. It means change in attitude & strategy. No doubt, exceptions are always there.

Before we proceed further, let’s have a look at 3 types of people into which all of them can be classified. This classification is based on the “learning from the mistakes” attitude. How quickly one adapts to the changes required in his/her strategy, makes him/her stand out of the crowd.

Type 1- These people are extremely smart as they learn from the mistakes of others. They keep on looking for the mistakes that there seniors did in their previous attempts. Then they check whether they lack in that field too & if needed, they improve on that. Many people go to coaching for the same. These people when go for their first attempt, find many loopholes already filled by them. Such people, mostly clear the examinations in 1st or 2nd attempt.

Type 2- These people somewhat lag from type 1 people as they only learn from their own mistakes.They sit for their first attempt without any guards & unfortunately find it too difficult to clear. But subsequently, they start to learn their mistakes in previous attempt & by improving on them, they come with flying colors in 2nd or 3rd attempt. That depends on how quickly one learns from his mistakes after recognizing what were his mistakes.

Type 3- These people don’t learn at all. They keep on applying for the exams again & again & again without any change in strategy or methodology only to see the same result again & again & again.

 

So, now we know about the three type of people. The point to ne noted is that the classification is not based on someone’s intelligence. It is based merely on the person’s attitude to learn.

 

The Quickly you learn, the quickly you qualify.

 

But you know, what is the best part? The ‘type’ of the person can be changed. Bring that change is yourself. Talk to seniors, talk to classmates. Talk about their mistakes done in previous attempts. I agree that luck plays a role too, but that role is limited. You should give your best.

Forget about the number of attempts. Only remember one thing- Improvement in strategy & techniques. The difference between a selected & a not-selected candidate is created during the 3 hours exam only.

Have faith in yourselves, Have faith in your learning abilities. Be Unconventional.

HOW TO PRIORITIZE YOUR TASKS WHILE PREPARING FOR EXAMS?

Once there was a race between a rabbit and a tortoise. The rabbit, by its very nature, was extremely fast. He could almost run by the speed of light. The tortoise, on the other hand, was slow. He couldn’t even run by 1/10th of the speed of tortoise. Everyone thought that the rabbit will win. The stage was set. The audience took their seat. The cheer girls were dancing. A light cold breeze was flowing. The sun hid his eyes beneath the sheet of cloud, because he didn’t want to see the tortoise lose that badly. But there was something unusual which was unknown to the common people. The tortoise was slow, yet wise. He believed in smart work rather than hard work. The rabbit was overconfident. One year ago, when this race was announced, the rabbit had become a self-proclaimed winner. He thought that he knew the fate. He enjoyed, he danced, he laughed, he flirted, he facebooked a lot during that year. But tortoise was doing something else. He had a plan. A killer plan. Instead of wasting his time, he worked day and night for a purpose, which was, defeating nature by winning that race. He knew that he can never win that race on foot. So, he used his mind…

Rabbit came to the race track on foot. Dressed up like a rock star. Tortoise came after him & when he did, almost everyone’s jaws touched the ground. He had chiseled his shell in an aerodynamic fashion. He was riding a small vehicle with rocket boosters! Since race rules weren’t specific about these things, so no one could put up an objection & tortoise knew it. What happened next, is know to everyone till date…

The moral of the story is- In this world of competition, work smart. And even more than that, prioritize your every day tasks.

When we wake up in the morning, we rarely think of everything that we have to do that day. As the day passes by & things keep coming up, we get engaged in it. But is it the right way?

That’s a big NO!

So, what should we do? Especially when you are preparing for some competitive examination like GATE, IES, IAS etc.

You have to do one thing- “Think”!

Yes. Think about that activity. Think what are you going to achieve by that? I will tell you what I do in such cases. I think of an activity in two terms- short term effects & long term effects. Obviously, long term effects hold more value as compared to short term ones. Moreover, will it somehow help you in achieving your final goal?

Let’s take some simple examples-

(1)    Lets say you have been studying for a long time & now you want to watch a movie. That sounds good. But wait! Let’s think. The short term effects can be relaxation & happiness. But it also leads to fatigue to eyes also. Long term benefits are nothing as such. Alternatives of watching movie could be playing a table tennis game. While in short term it helps you in relaxing, increasing blood circulation & increases your social index, in long term it may help you in sharping your TT skills, team spirit & leadership qualities. Moreover, a healthy body is always necessary to clear any competitive exam.

It may sound like too much of ‘nerdism’ but its really cool if you apply it in your daily life. You will start feeling the benefits very soon.

So, this is the final mantra- “Always think of the short term & long term effects of your activity before indulging in it. What will be the impact of that activity on your ultimate goal? If you really start doing it, you will feel that you are getting closer to your aim faster than others.”

Before I end this post, a few exercises for you. Comment below the answer to these choices along with why will you go with it?

(i)                  Facebook or Chatting with friends

(ii)                Listening to music or Watching a movie

(iii)               Taking a dance class or a guitar class

(iv)              Learning driving or Learning Karate

(v)                Going on an outing or staying and taking rest in room itself.

All the best 🙂

How to choose best coaching institute for IES, GATE & PSU’s?

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Dear aspirants,

We all have seen huge increase the cut-off marks of IES and other exams over past years. For example in IES ECE cut- offs were 554 in 2010, 576 in 2011, 607 in 2012 and 636 in 2013 out of 1200. The reason is more and more candidates getting diverted to careers in IES, GATE and PSU’s as private sector is declining and it does not give any job security.

But coaching is not required if you know which books to prepare from. There is no substitute of self-study and hard work. Coachings can give you direction but ultimately you have to do all the hard work. Coaching provides notes and tests based upon latest pattern and so they often ignore some important topics. Also most of them lack professionalism as they keep changing their faculties. Its better if you can prepare  by yourself with a good friends circle.

 

So to stay ahead you may need professional assistance from coaching institutes. To choose which coaching to join please keep following points in mind:

1) Most of the published results by all coaching institutes are fake. Do not go  by results published. Rather you should ask the students who have studied there previously and ask their satisfaction level.

2) Remember you do not join a coaching institute brand but you go to attend classes of qualified teachers. Before joining always be sure about which faculties will be teaching you. Many coachings falsely claim big, famous names but when time comes then they simply give excuses and teach by some one else. Most of them keep changing their faculties yearly. So may be a good faculty of last year will not be this year. If possible ask for demo classes and then only join.

3) Always enquire about the profiles of the faculty who is going to teach you. People who have cleared exams like IES and GATE are good at teaching, guiding and understanding your problems. While those have not cleared these exams can never guide you and will waste your time and money. Many people who came years ago to prepare and could not clear any exam have themselves started to teach by copying various market notes. Beware of them!!!!!

4) Always ask all of your doubts from your faculties before or after the class. You go to coachings because you need personal attention from them else you can also buy notes and prepare. How a faculty handles your doubts will tell you a lot about his/her knowledge, ability to help and confidence. High student-to-faculty ratio means little interaction with faculty.

5) Try to have your residence close to your coaching institute to save travel time.

 

I think these pints will surely help you in choosing suitable institute.

ESE (ECE) prepration Tips by All India Topper of 2013 (Gautam Surabhi)

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Dear friends and all IES2014 aspirants,
surabhiAll the best for ESE2014.
I am sharing my experience and preparation strategy and I wish it would be helpful for you.
IES is one of the topmost exam conducted by UPSC andcompeition is getting tougher and tougher so if you want to make a difference you really need to have something different from all others…..
I started to prepare seriously from sept 2013 and almost 9 months to get a perfect grip . I prepared all gate subjects before gate exam and practised them very extensively so that after gate they just needed revision and practise ..no theory part after that.
For every single subj of gate,my plan was to cover each and everything and that may be a reason that I was not able to secure a very good rank in gate as it was not the need of this exam. But I was really not concerned with gate as my final plan was IES. So I continued with my preps after gate without thinking twice about what had happened in gate.i never cared as my days were valuable for me more than useless regrets.
I started with class room notes then I went for workbook question,then previous year questions then ques from instrumentation and electrical branch then question from standard books I have reffered during my semesters. For standard books I want to make one point clear that I relied more on books Ireffered in semesters rather than going for any new one that I have never read. Yes,for unsolved questions and derivations that were not covered, I impatiently read new books but only that part , because the moment we get a new book we madly start turning pages and reading it all ,that is totally waste of time.
by gate I think we need to gain a good grip over those all 8 subjects. aftergate,it was serious time for gs and English section.so from march I started reading almost everything I got to read related with gs. For GS I was quite concerned from very beginning so I felt veryintresting to read it.i read all madeeasybooklets,made notes from newspapers and I gave mppsc,ssc exams because they were really helpful for gssections.for geography I read oxford atlas and notes simultaneously.i photocopied maps of india and fixed them at various places on wall.it was a fulltime reading of maps. Even when I was reading newspaper I read it with atlas so any news of india or other country was marked in mind with its location.polity I read from classnotes and current affairs from monthly magzines ,you can pick anyone you feel good.revision is very important for gs part and it really takes time to have a command over it.
For English I took barrons and made it a ritual to memorize at least 10 words daily and I did it by a method called ridiculous thinking in which we associate something odd with meaning of word and then we keep it in our memory ,initially it takes time but friends it is really very helpful…grammerportion I did from the booklet and classnotes nothing else.
For subjects like measurements and instrumentation I relied on classes and then I solved all question from all possible resources. I want to mention one thing that always be open for discussion ,it makes you to think dynamically and your logical connection with subject grows as you share ideas about it in group. Select some classmates(YES,ONLY FEW) and religiously give some time for discussion ,it is very helpful.
For microwave I read liao and kulkarni,though latter is not precise but really it is good to read it once. For optical and satellite I covered extra things from net. I read k. d. Prasad for antenna .for all those subj in which shaums outline was available I bought and solved itonce. Then for network sadiku is one book from which I solved almost all unsolved question and it was really helpful. And for once,do solve kanodia,it is not standard book but in beginning it is really helpful,later on raise your level high and don’t refer it again.
If you are done with good no. of revisions you really need not worry much for conv marks.(good no. of revisions means AT LEAST 3 TIMES.).to score good in conv. You need to put your answers precisely ,to the point,presentable in format,no need to use different colour pens really. Cleanliness is enough to have a good impression. And don’t just try answers if you cant solve themfully,it makes a bad impression. Rather than practicing previous question by writing them try to get the logical sequence of answer .be ready with all important points and never write anything extra.you can attempt theory questions with priority if they are with some diag. or schematics. But always try to go for numericals first.booklist I don’t think I need to mention as they have been posted many times and are almost same.
My interview was all about my work profile at BARC and too many questions from practicle implementation of electronics. All it needed was presence of mind, confidence in words, respect in persona, hard work in words and dedication in answers. If they get convinced that you have really worked hard and you respect the positin you want to achieve they never keep you away from this.rest part you can leave on your luck and your day(1%).
So it was something I could share about my preparations butthe very important part is your own will power and desire to cross the hurdle and be in elite group.coaching is not a panacea and it is not a must have thing.but if you can afford and give time ,better to join classes. They never cover entire syllabus but they help you to cover it on your own .and how much you cover apart from classes always gives you edge specially in conv.
You don’t need to count how many hours you studied ,but how many minutes you were focussed is important. If you had dreamt it ,then definitely you have the potential to do it and this is something you have to believe in.never decide about how far you can go ,just start walking and be ready to take risks.because limits are not there ,they appear only when you let them to. Invade your comfort zone and live your fears. If I can do it ,I think everyone can.
Please feel free to put yourquerries and I will try to answer them whenever I will get time and if I will be able to answer them.
All the best.
SurabhiGautam
AIR 1 ESE 2013
BRANCH ECE

ESE preparation tips By Rohit Jain(ESE-2012 Rank-2)

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1. Complete subjects one by one starting from the subject that you find easy and mixing the order with the subjects that can be finished in less time. Subject must be studied from objective as well as conventional point of view.

For example if you find Digital easy you can complete it first and then after finishing some more subjects, you can finish material or measurement like subjects which require less time.

 

2. After completion of each subject, practice 10 year questions both objective and subjective.

 

3. While practising objective, take a clock and set 1 hr alarm and attempt 60 questions (as in ESE u are supposed to do 120 ques in 2hr). After doing 60 ques, verify your answer but dont look at the solution. Suppose you attempted 40 right and 20 wrong. Then attempt those 20 again without any time limit. Let this time you got 10 right. Now attempt rest 10 by going through notes, books etc. And in the end you will be left with only 2 or 3 questions whose solution will need to be looked. And in this way you will be able to revise more and understand more and make more concepts regarding the quality questions. So don’t look the solution right away, wait till all your doors get closed.

 

4. In subjective also do the same procedure, set a time limit and proceed.

 

5. Generally students have a belief that one cannot score good marks in conventional but it is wrong. You are supposed to pay attention to some of the facts and you can score well in conventional.

 

6. In subjective paper, the first answer that you write must be of the question that you can answer best because it will create an impression on the mind of checker.

7. Always explain each and every formula or expression used in the answer and if a symbol is used its meaning must be provided. You are supposed to treat examiner as a layman who does not know anything.

8. You can use pencil to underline a good point or fact (I hv used it). Try to inculcate figures or block diagram to provide better understanding of your answer.

9. If you can provide an additional information on the question than write it as a note. For example, if a question of differential amplifier came than you can write, NOTE: Practically instrumentation amplifier is used instead of differential amplifier as there is gain and input resistance trade-off in differential amplifier.

On reading this examiner will came to know that you not only know the answer but have understanding of practical things. And this impression will fetch you more marks.

 

10. And last but not the least “YOUR HARD WORK WILL ALWAYS FETCH YOU SUCCESS”.

 

Please let me know if somewhere I am wrong or if anyone needs more information

– ROHIT JAIN

RANK 2 IES 2012

RANK 15 GATE 2012

Strategy for ESE Objective and Conventional exams

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RANK 1 IES 2012 RANK 44 GATE 44

RANK 1 IES 2012
RANK 44 GATE 44

ESE OBJECTIVE and CONVENTIONAL PAPERS

Since both papers have common syllabus so it is advisable to prepare for both together, one subject at a time.

  • First categorise subjects as GATE and Non-GATE subjects and take one standard book per subject. I have mentioned books I referred to during my preparation.
  • GATE Subjects must be focused upon most for technical section.
  • Booklist is mentioned below:

1.NETWORK THEORY

SADIKU (or) VALKENBURG + SCHAUM’s SERIES

…………………………………………

2. EDC

MILLMAN, HALIKAS + STREETMAN +SCHAUM’s SERIES

……………………………………….

3. ANALOG ELECTRONICS

MILLMAN, HALKIAS + SEDRA SMITH (or DONALD NEAMEN)+SCHAUM’s SERIES

………………………………………

4. DIGITAL ELECTRONICS

MORRIS MANO

…………………………………………

5. EMT

SADIKU

…………………………………………

6. SIGNALS & SYSTEMS

OPPENHEIM + SCHAUM’s SERIES

………………………………………..

7. COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

SIMON HAYKINS (or) BP LATHI + P SRI HARI (for Digital Modulation) + SCHAUM’s SERIES

………………………………………..

8. CONTROL SYSTEMS

BS MANKE + SCHAUM’s SERIES

………………………………………..

9. MICROPROCESSORS

R. GAONKAR

  • For non-GATE subjects, books are not recommended as the syllabus is selective and books are vast. Still some topics are important, so the list is as follows:

10. MATERIAL SCIENCE

S.P. SETH

11. MEASUREMENTS

A.K. SAWHNEY

12. OPTICAL COMMUNICATION

SENIOR

13. SATELLITE COMMUNICATION

PRATT & BOSTIAN

14. COMPUTER ENGINEERING

STALLING

15. MICROWAVE ENGINEERING

SAMUEL L. LIAO

  • But I had mostly used different coaching institutes’ class notes for these non-GATE subjects available in market and selected numericals from books.
  • All GATE subjects are core ones must not be ignored and prepared thoroughly for both Objective and Conventional.
  • Non-GATE subjects must be prepared for conventional. Focus more on important derivations and numerical questions must be thoroughly studied. For example Microwave by Samuel Liao has many solved examples that come as it is in ESE conventional. But for Objective papers too-much in depth knowledge may be required which may not be feasible in an 8 to 10 months preparation time, so it can be left out. Anyways, if conventional concepts are strong one can expect to score above average marks in Objective questions from these Non-GATE subjects.
  • How to prepare?

12 months of preparation for 12 hours of exam.

  • Go one subject at a time. Preferably start with GATE subjects. The order of the subjects which I felt most comfortable with is the same as mentioned in the above list. Mark the relevant chapters/topics from syllabus. Read the theory first from book. Make point wise notes and mark the points you are not comfortable with. Read and solve solved examples and objective questions first from book. Then go for past years question banks of ESE, first Objective then Conventional. Mark the questions you are not comfortable with and whenever possible discuss with friends or teachers.
  • None of the notes available from various sources are comprehensive. Mostly they are made keeping view of past 5 years’ questions. I have seen cases where after reading notes you can solve past years questions but not unseen questions. So notes are not exhaustive. And if everybody is reading from same notes, where is your advantage? Remember that there is no absolute cut-off. So, reading books is a much better option.
  • Coaching classes are not absolutely required if you can prepare from books. Self developed style of answering adds weightage to your answers and may even get bonus marks. But if you feel you must join any coaching institute, do not always go by their published results. First enquire about the who is going to teach you. As many coaching institutes falsely claim famous faculties. Also inquire about student-to-faculty ratio because if you don’t get doubt sessions and personal attention from faculty, then you are wasting your time and money. Also it is better to have faculty who have themselves cleared exams like GATE, ESE with good ranks because they are better at understanding your doubts and problems.
  • One subject after the other is the best strategy. Roughly, 3 to 4 weeks is sufficient for any subject. Do not mix up. After having finished one subject, make a short summary of your notes which must include marked points, marked questions and any silly mistakes if done. This will serve as a ready-to-revise and time-saving content in the last phase of preparation.
  • It is highly recommended to NOT study the whole book but selectively deal with topics.
  • About 6 to 7 hours dedicated to one technical subject per day, apart from 2 to 3 hours for GS + English, will suffice in a 12 month preparation time.
  • It is not required to study all the time. But mind should be always with your notes and questions and doubts. Do not doubt your doubts, they are always legit. A friends circle with like-minded aspirants where you can put your doubts and discuss is highly recommended. Keep asking. If possible upload them on Facebook, we will be more than happy to help if we could.
  • How to practice?
    • First finish books and solved examples.
    • Since objective papers lay more emphasis on speed than accuracy, so practise accordingly. 45 seconds per question is sufficient. Try finishing 120 questions within 1h 30minutes.
    • Conventional papers must be practised with good-writing on plain white sheets. In fact, choose one pen and use it till exam for lasting grip. Write legit answers. Roughly 5 marks questions require ¾ th of space on one page surface and in that proportion. Always write point wise.
    • Mark questions not answered and note them in your summary sheet.

    Revision

    • Keep at least last 2 to 3 months for revision. First revise your entire notes and then revise only your short summary prepared earlier. Textbooks should not have any role in revision. The more you revise, better you get at recalling concepts in the exam.
    • Now no need to see more practice question. Focus more on past years questions bank. Ideally, 10 or 15 years questions bank is more than sufficient.
    • Identify your strong and weak areas during preparation. Revise weak areas more than stronger ones.
    • It is highly recommended to join some test series to gauge your preparation. Treat it as real test. The more the number of aspirants in a given test series, the better you will realize where you stand. For example I consistently got within top 5 in every test I gave at M.E.

    Do’s and Dont’s during exam

    • Read the instructions carefully.
    • Objective papers require more speed than accuracy. Limited number of calculated risks can be taken. While attempting objective paper, turning pages for rough work will consume unnecessary time. Prefer doing rough work with pencil on the side of the question and then if required with a red pen over the pencil. Do not encircle bubbles immediately. Mark answers in question paper with red pen for visibility and before the end of exam encircle sequentially. Mark questions you think you can answer later. Try finishing all known answers in 1h30min (45 seconds per question) keeping 20 minutes for attempting marked questions and 10 minutes for encircling. Do not look at watch frequently.
    • Conventional papers require in-depth knowledge, style of presentation and relevant content in answering.

    a) Write answers serially as per question numbers. Usually, 1st question is compulsory. Attempt all parts. Then read the rest of questions and mark the questions you wish to attempt. No need to show calculations in detail or irrelevant knowledge.

    b) Write answers with question numbers sequentially. Random answering is annoying for the person who checks your sheet.

    c) It is always better to write answers point wise. Draw neat diagrams, preferably with pencil, with proper labels. Derivations or results if used must be mentioned. Draw a pencil line after every question to demarcate answers.

    d) Rough work must be crossed out.

    e) Try to make your answer sheet error free.

    f) Make index on the front sheet with question and page numbers.

    My marks were:

    Paper Marks
    General Studies +English 117/200
    Objective 1 112/200
    Objective 2 111/200
    Conventional 1 132/200
    Conventional 2 122/200
    Interview 122/200
    Sum total 715/1200

    Wishing you all the best.

    KUNAL SRIVASTAVA

    AIR 1 ESE 2012

    AIR 44 GATE 2013.

Strategy for GS+English

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RANK 1 IES 2012 RANK 44 GATE 44

RANK 1 IES 2012
RANK 44 GATE 44

General Studies + English

  • In my opinion, this paper produces differences in the final rank because most people get too busy while preparing for technical papers.
  • Scoring in this paper is easy if you’ve studied selectively as there is no syllabus defined here.
  • For GS part, divide the syllabus in contents like History, Polity, Geography, Economics, Life Sciences and current affairs. First refer to the past 10 or 20 years question papers of ESE and CDS exams of UPSC. Mark the topics mostly asked. For example History has nearly lost its importance in ESE nowadays. But anyways refer to the standard books like NCERT of +2 level and read only the topics asked. No need to study the whole book. After you’ve finished selectively reading the textbook, keep on practicing these past years’ questions. Ultimately you will memorise and form a pattern of choosing the right option. If you wish more practice refer to Lucent’s GS book containing only the past years questions of various competitive exams.
  • Even though current affairs is not important for ESE but you can read newspaper headlines from front page, sports, and national and international sections. No need to make notes just read carefully once. The Hindu is highly recommended. Else reading one magazine a month is more than sufficient. I would suggest Frontline magazine. One can read them online also.
  • English section must be focused upon more than GS section. For English part, more emphasis must be given on grammar part like spotting errors, sentence & paragraph arrangements, word substitution and comprehension. Antonyms and synonyms are not that important because if you can’t recall exact words, then you can’t take risks in exam. I would suggest Hari Mohan Prasad book for competitive English. It is a complete book covering all the aspects required in a very good fashion and large number of practice questions. Even questions come directly from there.
  • GS + English should be dealt on a daily basis because basically you have to memorise. So 2 to 3 hours a day is sufficient in 7 to 8 months of preparation time.
  • Notes available on GS and English are not exhaustive. Better read books and magazines.
  • 100/200 is more than good. I was able to score 116/200.

Wishing you all the best

 KUNAL SRIVASTAVA­­­

AIR 1 ESE 2012, AIR 44 GATE 2013

Strategy for GATE exam by Kunal Srivastava

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RANK 1 IES 2012 RANK 44 GATE 44

RANK 1 IES 2012
RANK 44 GATE 44

Since the syllabus for GATE and IES is common so it is advisable is to prepare for both exams comprehensively.

GATE

  • Gate questions are purely conceptual, test candidates on technical skills and numerical aptitude and in my opinion, without strong concepts and good link-up of subjects, scoring good rank in GATE is impossible. GATE exam has now opened doors for PSU’s making it all the more competitive. Over 2,56,000 candidates appeared in GATE 2013 in Electronics branch only.
  • 65 questions in 3 hours make it nearly 3 minutes per question. But if concepts are not clear even this much of time is not sufficient. So clearly more emphasis is on accuracy than on speed. Large number of candidates gets caught in a very narrow band of marks. One should not take chances while answering. So answers which are not sure may be left.
  • Developing concepts comes from reading books and applying them in a variety of practice questions to gain confidence. One standard book per subject is sufficient but often students are confused and use multiple textbooks. A standard book explains theory and follows it up with ample number of practice questions, but the book must be properly chosen. List of suggested books is given below.
  • Notes borrowed from different sources may not be that much helpful because they are prepared keeping in mind latest exam questions and not syllabus. Pattern may change but syllabus is well defined, so book reading is highly recommended. Also I’ve seen cases where after reading notes one is able to solve past years questions easily but not comfortable with unseen questions. So that’s why I think notes available in the market nowadays are not exhaustive.
    Also if everyone is reading from notes, then where is your advantage?
  • Coaching classes are more beneficial to aspirants because time spent with a good teacher is always more fruitful than time spent with books. A teacher is himself a summary of various books and with experience can give proper guidance. People who have themselves cleared these exams with good ranks are far better at understanding problems of the aspirants and guiding them in the right direction than those who have not appeared. So first inquire about faculty profiles, if possible ask their past years students then only join. Results nowadays are published almost everywhere. Also keep in mind the student-faculty ratio of the institute. If you are not getting your required time, doubt sessions and personal attention from faculty members due to whatever reasons, you are not benefiting from them.
  • One of the most common mistakes while practicing questions is that students very easily refer to the solution manual if they are not getting answers right. Rather a habit of thinking properly and thinking over and over again must be developed. Do not rush to answers, think properly and answers will rush to you.
  • Roughly 10 months is sufficient time to prepare for GATE. While studying a subject, focus first on theory, then summarize your learning in hand-written notes, then practice questions from standard book and then from past year’s GATE questions. Mark the questions which you could not solve and keep thinking over them. Re summarize your notes in as less space as possible. Keep these short notes with yourself and spend time reading them whenever you’re free like while traveling in bus. It is not required to study over 10 hours a day but your mind should be busy with concepts and questions 24×7. A friends circle with like-minded aspirants where you can put up your doubts and discuss is highly recommended.
  • Dedicate at least 2 months for revision. Do not panic if you forget previously studied topics rather revise them whenever you get time. Revise the entire theory and practice only those questions which you were not able to solve in the past or you feel are the tricky ones. The more variety of unseen questions you have practiced, the more are your chances to solve GATE questions under examination pressure.
  • There are times during preparation when you would feel low, tired or depressed. Do not allow this to continue. Talk to your parents or friends or teachers. Do not spend much time in a slump. If required avoid studying for a few days and then come back fresh.

BOOK LIST

S. No. Subject Textbook
1. Electronic Devices and Circuits Millman & Halkias
2. Analog Electronics a) Millman & Halkias  b) Sedra Smith (or) Donald Neamen
3. Digital Electronics Morris Mano
4. Control Systems B.S. Manke
5. Signals & Systems a) Oppenheim    b) Schaum’s series
6. Electromagnetic Theory Sadiku
7. Network Theory Sadiku
8. Microprocessor Gaonkar
9. Communication Engineering a) Simon Haykinsb) Schaum’s series
10. Engineering Mathematics HK Das
11. Quantitative Aptitude T. S. Jain

*Mathematics & Aptitude book may not be required for most aspirants.

Wishing you best of Luck

Kunal Srivastava ( ECE )

AIR-1 ESE-2012

AIR-44 GATE-2013

IES Electrical Strategy By Sourabh Anand ( Rank 3, IES EE 2013 )

ES is not a difficult examination provided you approach it the right way.
Now what’s ‘the right way’?
Any single method can’t be called the right way. Each one of us can have our unique right ways. I am sharing my own right way; try to find your own.

I started with analyzing previous years’ papers. First observation, that I made was that IES papers are very repetitive. You will find only few surprise s and very rarely any shocks in any particular year. Second thing I observed was that you should cover almost entire syllabus for objective papers while selective reading can be done for subjective papers.

After that I analysed previous years’ cut off and toppers’ marks. I found out –
1. You need to score a little more than what an average guy can score.
2. GS paper works as game changer many times.
3. Don’t worry if you find conventional papers too tough; even Toppers struggle to score in conventional papers.

Now I outlined topic wise strategy –
1. EMT – clear your concepts to a fair degree with a good book like Hayt or Sadiku. Solve previous years papers. Don’t leave this subject; you’ll be losing easy marks. Questions are usually damn easy and predictable.

2. Network Theory – Read theory from a standard book like De Carlo Lin and PRACTICE PRACTICE PRACTICE! Solve previous years’ papers many times.

3. Material Science- This again is a high marks fetching subject which is highly ignored. Read indulkar (only relevant portions). See previous year’s papers. Use Google to learn about the materials. Internet (particularly Wikipedia) is highly useful for this subject.

4. Measurements and Instrumentation- This one is particularly tricky if you don’t have the right material and if you don’t approach the right way. Unfortunately there’s only one book available in the market – A. K. Shawney. Now you dare not read the entire book. So, start with questions. Analyse them. See, what is being asked. And Read that only. The diagrams in the book won’t give you much idea. So use internet to get a 3D view of the instruments.

5. Control Systems – Highly marks fetching and very very important. Start by reading a good book like Norman S Nise; then solve as many problems as you can find from any material. Try to understand the fine points by spending a little time on THINKING about stability, bandwidth and all.

6. Electrical Machines – Electrical people have a strange and unique relationship with Electrical machines and power systems. They don’t understand it completely. In fact they may not be able to answer very simple questions like what does a transformer look like; but they still feel that they know a lot about electrical machines. For machines, I suggest to unlearn a few hazy concepts and read them again with cool mind and in analytical way – like when you read “Dc shunt motors have almost constant speed” then ask yourself a question- Constant speed with respect to which parameter?

7. Power Systems – Read C. L. Wadhwa thoroughly. Solve previous years’ papers. And try to link theoretical concepts with observations around you. Like when you read about surge arrestor – try to recall where you saw such a thing.
For power system protection, refer J. B. Gupta.

8. Analog Electronics – If you have time and INTEREST in electronics, pick Sedra Smith and read thoroughly. You’ll really enjoy. If not simply skip the subject.

9. Digital Electronics – Morris mano and previous years’ papers. Read only what is required and try to have a broad view about topics like Counters etc. Don’t worry too kuch about fine details. Just the guiding idea. There is an excellent ebook (incomplete) available on the website – openbookproject.net

10. Microprocessor- For programming part refer B. Ram and for interfacing
part refer Gaonkar. Install a 8085 simulator in your computer, run all the programs and experiment with new ideas. You’ll surely enjoy. For linux, I had an excellent simulator with showed all the states, program status word, memory locations etc. One can find such a simulator in windows also.

11. Power Electronics – Try to analyse the circuits yourself. Discuss with friends why all the components are used n all. There exists an insightful shortcut to remember all the formulae of choppers etc. Try to discover that.

12. Communications – Try to learn the main points of any concept from an ece guy. They can tell you about all types modulations and concepts of digital communications. It’s really very very easy. Leaving them means losing very easy marks.

Sourabh Anand
Rank 3, IES 2013

Book List for IES/GATE

MECHANICAL ENGG.
SUBJECT AUTHOR
Engg. Thermodynamics PK Nag
IC Engine ML Mathur and RP Sharma
Gas Turbine and Propulsive Systems PR Khajuria & SP Dubey
Fluid Mechanics Modi & Seth RK Bansal
Compressible Flow SM Yahya
Heat and Mass Transfer J P Hollman and R C Sachdeva
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning C P Arora
Fluid Machinery Jagdish Lal and R K Bansal
Theory of Machines R S Khurmi and Malik and Ghosh
Mechanical Vibration Grover
Machine Design V D Bhandari and Shigley
Material Science W D Callister and I P Singh
Production Engg. Kalpkjian Schmid Amitabh Ghosh and A K Malik
Industrial Engg. O P Khanna  Buffin and Sarin
Operation Research Kanti Swarup
Strength of Materials Gere and Timoshenko B C Punamia Sadhu Singh
CIVIL ENGG.
Strength of Materials Gere and Timoshenko B C Punamia Sadhu Singh
Structural Analysis S Ramamurthan C K Vang
Concrete Structures Punamia and Jain H J Shah
Steel Structures Duggal
Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engg. Ranjan and Rao Venkat Ramiah S K Garg
Fluid Mechanics R K Bansal Subramanyam
Hydrology Subramanyam
Irrigation S K Garg
Highway Engg. Khanna and Jasto Kadiyali
ELECTRIACAL ENGG.
Network Analysis Van Valkenburg
Electromagnetic William H Hayt  Saddiku
Electrical Machinery P S Bhimbra
Electrical Machines Nagrath Kothari
Electrical Power Systems C L Wadhwa
Power System Engg. Nagrath Kothari
Automatic Control System Benjamin C Kuo
Control System Engg. Nagrath Gopal
Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation A K Sawhney
Integrated Electronics Jacob Millman
Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mano
Power Electronics P S Bhimbra
ELECTRONICS ENGG.
Network Analysis Van Valkenburg D R Choudhary
Integrated Electronics Jacob Millman and Halkias
Op-Amps Ramakant Gayakwad
Signal and System Oppenhem Schaum’s Series
Control System Nagrath Gopal Ogata
Communication System Kennedy Sklar Sanjay Sharma
Electromagnetics Hayt Saddiku
Antenna Theory K D Prasad
Optical Communication John M Senior
C Language Yashwant Kanitkar
Microwave S Y Liao
Electronics Devices Sedra Smith Boylestead
Microprocessor Gaonkar B Ram

Overall IES Strategy By Ashish Choudhary

Overall IES straegy for technical and GS protion

first of all focus all the GATE subjects … which covers your 8 subjects …. for these 8 subjects do IES 10 previous year ECE Q., IES 10 previous year EE Q., GATE 10 previous year ECE Q., GATE 10 year EE Q…

how to study i already told you many times ….

if u r starting with the network theory .. den 1st do its theory … den do its questions (as i told u above) .and tick the questions in which u r getting difficulty in solving .. and after this when u start new subjects .. den again 1st cover the theory of network and den start the new subject theory …. do dis process repetitively …… by which ur subject theory will become very strong …. and after gate do other 4 subjects … and their quest …. … kindly give full attention to the IES 10 previous year ECE Q., IES 10 previous year EE Q…. solve these questions at least 10 times …

and after dat for Conventionals do IES 10 previous year ECE Q., IES 10 previous year EE Q… and focus only 8 subjects for conventionals … and after doing dese 8 subjects previous year papers ….do back questions of standard books … dat i will tell you later ….

just try to follow my way of study … do again and again the theory of each subjects … so dat your revision time of theory should be minimized ….

after following dis strategy u will easily get under 10 rank …. but it is very difficult to follow ….. so try hard to follow dis

 

 

For GS:

Arihant Manohar pandey GK or Made easy GK booklets se theory padh kar ….last 10 year Civil services Prelims,IES,CDS ke questions solve kar lo tareeke se and more focus sholud be on Geog and life Sci. moderate on polity and very less on History questions.(prefer new vishals publication for IAS nd CDS).do not read any current affairs magzines as it you have seen it is not worth for IES exam.

Papers dhang se kar lena 5-6 bar sab inhi se ata h ghum phir kar

How To prepare for English:

English: For English you need to improve your vocabulary and grammar for any competitive exam.

It will take time to learn the vocabulary but it will help you in around 20 direct questions of Synonyms/Antonyms  and instead of that it will help you in understanding the passages ,PQRS type questions and in Vocabulary based fill in the blanks. Almost it covers all the topics other than grammar based questions.

For Vocabulary first start with news paper ,Read it and note the meaning you do not know, when there is collection of above 500 good meanings (learn on the daily basis) then after that you will start learning directly with any good vocabulary book like I found PT education’s  (VA Atlas) book good for this purpose.

For Grammar you need to first read the rules(not try to learn them, Read them 8-10 times on regular basis) from any good book and start solving the  error related problems as much as you can by maintaining the balance with other parts of course.

Book lists for English:

Vocabulary:

1.PT education’s  (VA Atlas)-Along with meaning of that word this book also contains all possible synonym ,antonym ,word usage in sentence at same place.

2.The best way to learn the meaning by some key word or by the help of some images. By this we can learn the vocabulary easily. Book For this: VoLT ,Vocabulary learning techniques By Abhishek Jain

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=7IXSeex_dVk

http://books.google.co.in/books?id=aQGNmXLPslMC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_atb#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

Grammar :

Follow any good book which have along with exercise , there solution in Detailed Manner.I have read many books for this but I found best one is:

http://www.flipkart.com/common-errors-english/p/itmczbzr2hazmrsx

After practicing from these books , now time to solve the questions which asked in UPSC previous papers :

Solve IES ,CDS,SCRA 10 year English part questions:

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151480429609195&set=o.164898890341694&type=3&theater

 

STORY OF PATIENCE AND BELEIVE IN ME TO DO SOMETHING (Ashish Choudhary)

Image

 

Hi frds this is my story of preparation of IES …. I m sharing this story just becoz many people asked me to leave subjects. Due to time shortage ….. isko padhne ke bad aap ko 1000% lagega ki aapko koi subject nahi chorna chahiye ….. I joined coaching in delhi on 11 dec. 2010…. I asked the director …. was it possible to be clear IES-11 in this short time ? They frankly said me ya u can if u worked hard ….. I said him sir mein computer science se hun . To unhone saaf saaf mana kar diya … ki aapko apna paisa bigadna hai to join kare .. becoz at mid dec. U r joining the coaching …..is time par log apna revision srart kar dete hain …. aur aap ab preparation start karne ki bat kar rahe hain……that time I got puzzled what to do or what not to do ? Asked my elder brother … he said do whatever u like ….. we are with u …. Then I decided to prepare 4 IES-11. Maine sir se guarantee li ki sir aap sare subjects karwa denge is time period mein .. he assured me that he would try his best … I never heard the name of IES till oct. 2010 … I had Many options like RAS , SSC etc. I chosed IES from one of them as my option. And I needed to go in good department. Becoz I left JTO … (I didn’t join coaching like made easy…. from the starting I need personal assistance from the teacher …..in a class of 300 it’s not possible to talk to teacher so I joined a normal coaching as compared to made easy….) At the time of December . All people was busy with GATE exam … Jab maine coaching join ki coaching mein maths chal rahi thi .. I didn’t have any interest in that maths ,,, becoz mujhe shuru se GATE se koi lena dena nahi tha ….. (becoz after m.tech. bhi log IES hi karte hain to direct hi kar leni chahiye 2 saal kharab kyun kare ) Maine weekend class bhi li …. normal batches mein bhi padha jaldi se jaldi Subjects finish jo karne the … gate ke paper tak mere 4 subjects ho gaye .. (edc , analog , control system , signal system) I attempted gate paper which was on 13 feb 2011 by these subjects. I got 46.33 marks (around 3100) Uske bad as usual ghar jate hi h sab .. mere sare room mates chale gaye to mujhe bhi jana pada .. fir hum 26 feb ko wapis aaye abhi bhi 8 sub. bache the ….. I never lose my confidence …. abhi bhi aise kafi subjects the jinka maine kabhi naam bhi nahi suna tha ….. Still I hava a hope in mind .. backup ke liye SSC CGL ka form dal diya tha IES mein nahi hua to kuch to hona chahiye ghar walon ko shant karne ko….. After 1st march 2011 i got more serious abt this paper …..I regularly attend the classes … my timing was mrg 8 to 5 pm …. after sleeping 2 hours I read again till mrg 4 am or 5 am ,… Most of the subjects I did through projector …. Microwave hume 2 din mein karwai thi … isse pahle maine kabhi Microwave ka name bhi nahi suna tha …. I made my own rules and regulations and follow them consistently…. Maine remaining subjects projector ke through kiye … ……time kam tha director sir hume projector par 2 din mein 1 sub. Samjha dete the … aur fir us 1 subject ko karne mein meri puri jaan nikal jati thi … par mein bhi jab tak nahi sota tha tab tak complete na ho jaye same day ka…… Maine bhi beech mein bahut bar himmat hari confidence loose kiya … par my elder brother supports me every time . he said always to me ….u do ur best … rest will be automatically good ….. Digital electronics maine khud ne kar li …. Mujhe achi tarah yad hai aprail 10th tak mera communications nahi hua tha …. I said Director sir communications karwa dijiye .. sir ne hume poora communication slides par 2 din mein karwa diya …. and I took 3 more days to complete communications. !…. (aaj mujhse log kehte hain ki sir humare 2 subjects reh gaye hain …. hum unhe choor de kya … .. agar us time mein communications ko chor jata to confirm mera selection nahi hota IES – 2011 mein … isliye koi bhi subject mat chorna .. koi bhi subject 3 din se jyada ka nahi hai IES Mein) Gk gs ki classes bhi chalti rehti thi I joined par time bahut kam the isliye jyada nahi kar paya gs …. I did just 10 years obj. papers of made easy publications around 20 times ….. And started conventional quest. From 1st april for dat also I did buk of made easy 10 years paper ….. Coaching mein conventional quest. Ki class hoti thi I never missed those classes … Back to home(jaipur) on 30 april 2011… Paper was on 14th may , 15th may , 16th may 2011….. I got cleared my IES in first attempt just by my own rules and regulations …(maine kabhi koi buk nahi ki … bus coaching notes ko tips par la rakha tha ..) If a person focus all of their energy , day and night , on a worthy cause , with full dedication , full truth , purity , positive attitude …. success is guaranteed ….. IES 2011 Mark sheet Gs – 54 Obj. Paper 1 – 108 Obj. Paper 2 – 116 Conv. Paper 1 – 101 Conv. Paper 2 – 90 Interview – 98 AIR – 96 My first and last aim was IES .. so I got it … 90 % of my classmates distracts to other exams like psu’s … Par mein to koi psu de hi nhi sakta tha(becoz my B.E. degree in Computer science) …. mere liye to bus 1 hi paper tha ……IES …. I Cleared also my back up paper ssc cgl ….. I also filled form of ISRO-2011 from EC and got 89 rank in written exam …. Final result ke bad ki kahani mein bad mein sunaunga ….. friends after exam of IES 2011 i gave my medical examination at Mumbai (Worst place for medical )and got the letter of unfit 4 alll services ………… dimag kharab ho gaya tha yar … sari mehnat pani mein chali gayi thi …. I was unfit 4 all due to Glycosuria and Impaired Blood glucose level … I had lost all my hopes still i applied 4 re-medical at Kolkata … my re-medical examination date was 4th June 2012 … and my IES-2012 exam would start on 14th june … I went to kolkata on 3rd june …. wahan unhone detailed check up ke liye mujhe admit kar liya …. aur unhone mujhe 9th june ko free kiya … m kolkata se jaipur pahuncha 10th june ko …. unhone mujhe mere medical status ke barein mein nahi bataya …. 14th june ko IES-2012 ka paper tha …. full upset tha mind …. still i gave my paper ….. and on 23rd june i got letter from kolkata medical board U R FIT FOR ALL …. and us din mujhe pata chala ki bahut bar selection hone ke bad bhi aapko problem face karni pad sakti hai …. and in IES – 2012 I got AIR-14 and my marks are GS – 69.45 Obj. Paper 1 – 133.33 Obj. Paper 2 – 135 Conv. Paper 1 – 99 Conv. Paper 2 – 116 Interview – 90 AIR – 14 So My 2nd attempt was IES -2012 and I got my desired department dat was IRSS … And I made this group becoz IES is the easiest paper if u r going in right direction ….mujhe pata hai is paper ko lekar coaching walon ne bahut jyada misconception create kar rakha hai …. I will try to help u as much as I can do ….. And frds i have attempted IES-2013 (Roll no. – 136445) with u …. and expecting dis time also under 10 Rank …………… so we will all clear it ….. just be +ve ……. always think u can …… and u will be in …… Now we will all prepare for IES-2014 …… we all will do it …. keep it up friends ………… I m attempting dis paper again and again .. just to help u guys … and i can help u only when i will be in touch with dis paper …. and 1 thing more i can assure u … dis will not waste 1 seat of yours……

Surendra Meena (ECE) ESE-2013 Interview

 

Date of Interview -16/01/2014
Chairperson – Manbir Singh sir
Branch – ECE

Chairperson:-
1.u hv cmpltd ur graduation in 2012, wht r u doing after dat?
2.Tell me abt employment opportunities, agriculture, industry or anything famous abt karauli(hometown)?
3.Red stone used in Rashtrapati bhawan is the same from karauli or not?

Tech1
1. Hv u desinged/worked on a project outside clg?
2. Name of the project designed/worked in clg?
3. Name of the subs studied in the final sem?
4. How 2 identifiy the Anode n Cathode terminals in a Diode and E,B,C terminals in BJT?
5. Resistance colour code trick?
6. Temperature dependency of resistance of conducture n semicunducture, same or not?
7. What is mobility?

Tech2
1.Asked abt project?
2.Appls of Transistor?
3.Diff b/w Analog and Digital Electronics?
4.Appls of Digital electronics?
5.Appls of Analog elecct?
6.Universal gate?
7.Use/appls of universal gate?

Tech3
1.Suppose der is 1v potential at a point on the conducture then what will be the potential at other point on the conducture?
2.If conducture is made infinitly large then potential at that point?
3.What is line integral of Force?
4.Then told me nw try to relate or think abt the potential for infinitaly large conductor?

then chairperson told me to leave……. Board members were cooperating well n trying 2 get answers by giving hints..
All the best guys..

IES 2012 Cut off

Engineering Services 2012 cutoff marks:

1. The three objective papers have the individual cut – off of 10% each i.e. 20 marks irrespective of the category.

2. The two conventional papers have individual cut – off as per followings : –

Gen : 15% (30 out of 200 marks)

OBC : 12.5% (25 out of 200 marks)

SC & ST : 7.5% (15 out of 200 marks)

PH -I, PH-III : 5% (10 out of 200 marks)

There is minimum qualifying marks in aggregate of the three objective papers for the evaluation of conventional papers with respect to each category (i.e. out of 600).

There is overall minimum qualifying standard in aggregate of five papers with respect to category for short listing of candidates for Personality Test (i.e. out of 1000).

Minimum qualifying marks (i.e.) in GA paper for ESE 2012 was 20 marks

Marks secured by the last finally qualified candidate (out of 1200 marks)

GEN  OBC  SC    ST     PH-1 PH-3

Civil Engg.                  512    484    422   422   274    393

Mechanical Engg.        532    486   416    367   361    351

Electrical Engg.            590    542    497  495   315     289

Electronics    Engg.      607   585    511   512   382     385

 Marks secured by the last qualified candidate for call of interview (out of 1000 marks)

GEN  OBC  SC    ST     PH-1 PH-3

Civil Engg                    342   296   280   255    126    126

Mechanical Engg.        366   327    288   235   162    115

Electrical Engg.            418  364    329    315   211     131

Electronics    Engg.      465  436    387    381  263      119

 Marks secured by the last candidate for the evaluation of conventional paper (out of 600)

GEN OBC SC ST PH-1 PH-3

Civil Engg.                      149  146  124  105  87  87

Mechanical Engg.            212  198  169  125  72  72

Electrical Engg.               232  209  184  171  99  99

Electronics    Engg.          244  241  196  194  65  65

All About Engineering Services Exam /IES

All about Engineering Services Exam (ESE):

 

1. Structure of exam: It contains 5 papers (3 objective papers of 2 hours duration each + 2 descriptive papers of 3 hours duration each), out of which one objective paper with General Studies, 2more objective papers with Engineering and 2 descriptive papers with Engineering.

a. First day: General Studies + General English complete objective paper, for 200 marks

b. Second day: Paper I for 200 marks and Paper II for 200 marks of Objective type technical.

c. Third day: Paper I for 200 marks and Paper II for 200 marks of Descriptive type.

d. Personal Interview round contains another 200 marks.

e. So, total will be for 1000 marks for written and 200 marks for Personal Interview.

2. Frequently Asked Questions:

a. Is there any constraint on No. of attempts?: There is no constraint on Number of attempts. You can write any number of times if you are in the age limit specified by UPSC. Right now it’s: 30 years for General Merit candidates, 33 years for OBC, and 35 years for SC/ST and other relaxations are also there. Visit www.upsc.gov.in for complete details.

b. Is preparation for GATE is enough?: In one way YES. Around 60% of IES syllabus will be GATE syllabus. So, we need to prepare extra subjects. Difference between GATE and IES is, in GATE we need to have in-depth analysis at least for important subjects. If you prepare only those subjects you may get 95 to 98 percentile. But here in IES preparation, we need to prepare all the subjects at least for Objective papers. We may not have to go that much in-depth.

i. Few subjects may be there in IES syllabus only. Those subjects need to be studied.

ii. We need to prepare for descriptive also as this part is not there in GATE.

c. When will we get results?:

i. Notification around March-april of every year

ii. Written exam will be in the month of June every year

iii. Written results will be in the month of January

iv. Interview conduction at UPSC will be in the month of March

v. Final selection of candidates will be in the month of May/June

vi. Medical fitness test will be in the month of September

vii. Training will start from November/December. Of course this depends on Department of allocation.

d. How many hours of preparation is needed daily?: Frankly this depend on individual. If you are strong in basics, it may not take much time to recap all the subjects. Daily 2 hours 6months before the exam, 5 hours before 3 months and 8 to 9 hours before one month is hopefully sufficient.

e. How many marks should we score to get selected?:

i. Around 50% of marks are more than enough independent of department. For written if you can score 450 to 500 marks you can expect interview call, of course selection also. If you can score more than 500, you will have a better edge.

ii. Here one important thing is, you have to score maximum marks in Objective only. If you can score 120 to 140 marks in objective papers, stress will be less on Descriptive papers.

iii. If you get correct answer that to with proper explanation, you can expect 70% of allotted marks for that question.

f. To work for Indian Railways, how much rank I should get?: Upto 20th rank for General Merit candidates can expect from Indian Railways. This is true for TCE and EEE officers only. For Civil this limit will be high.

g. Do they have separate cutoff for separate papers?:  There is separate cutoff  for first three objective Papers . Then your conventional papers copy will evaluate.

h. Am presently studying B.Tech/B.E., in which way should I prepare for ES?: If you are in final year/pre final year now, you can start preparing for ES exam. Otherwise, my opinion is you better concentrate on building of basics. Normally 2nd year and 3rd syllabus of your university will be UPSC syllabus. So, concentrate well on those subjects. That’s enough.

i. Can I work in my home state if I get selection?: Officially NO. If you take Railways, it have its departments spread all over India. They can place you anywhere in India. If you take Water Commission, you may have to work from Delhi only. But chances are there if you opt for Railways.

j. Will they give salary immediately after joining or after completion?: YES. They start pay you even in the training period also.

k. Is it facilities like car, bunglow will be given as soon as one completes the training and join the service?: It depends on the service. Quarters ll be provided in any service, and remaining like Car and all will be provided if work necessitates. Railways and CPWD is known for good fecilities.

l. Do we have group discussions in Personal Interview?: NO

m. Can I write IES in computer science?: NO. You have select one group from Telecommunications/Electrical/Mechanical/Civil.

n. How many number of seats for each branch?: It varies time to time. This year they notified 750 posts for all branches. Out of which around 150 can be expected for each branch for TCE/EEE. For Mechanical and Civil engineering Streams posts will be more.

  • o. What is the order of precedence for the posts applicants prefer?: First Railways. After that, CPWD,MES,NHAI,CWC,BRO etc., Facilities are better in Railways and MES. But work wise hectic and more responsible jobs. Its a 24 hrs job in Railways. Even taking of leave in some places also would be difficult. In the sense, more responsible and powerful post.

p. What are the physical standards we need to meet?: Eye power should be within + or -4, and there should not be color blindness for Railways. Color blinded people may be allotted for Stores.

3. What are the departments, we can work as IES officers: You can visit UPSC website for details.

4. Scope of IES for Girls?: Scope for girls is fine. All services may not fit for girls. Good services for girls, CWC, P&T(Telecom)etc.,

5. About Interview:

1. The interview panel generally keeps you comfortable and more liberal. They expect you to be strong in your present area. You be strong in basic concepts, Current affairs like Terrorism, Recession/what is HOT at present, About railways.

2. First they start with few HR questions like tell me about yourself/current hot topics and after that, they start technical part (Mostly of Basics).

3. Interview panel contains 4 members (3+1) 3 tech persons and 1 Panel Head. Continue your explanation till you ask you to stop. Answer Boldly. Maintain good Communication. They may give some white sheets and may ask you to write/draw/explain something.

4. All over Interview will be around 85% technical and 15% non technical.

6. For presently working PSU guys who are targeting IES?: NOC is required if you are working in a Public Sector companies. I don’t think NOC is required for guys working with Pvt., sector. Bond transfer is not possible with UPSC. You have to clear NOC from your present working company and then join afresh in IES.

7. Pay of IES officer?: 15600 (Basic)+5400(Grade)+DA+HRA+others… Gross would be around 47000Rs per month.and it will be 2.26 times after 7th pay commission.

8. About Designation and Growth?: First designation would be Assistant Director/AEE or equivalent. Foremost promotion will be based on rank you get in IE exam. After that promotions will depend on Seniority and other factors like confidential reports. Growth will be faster in some departments like Railways and slower in others like CWC.

9. Already I am working in PSUs/Govt sector. Is it a good idea of writing ES exam?: IES is more of Management of technical matters. If you like only technical you can stay with present job only. If you wanna enjoy some Power/Management etc., you can try for IES.

10. About Physical Tests?: Very normal tests they conduct. Its like Eye/Blood/Urine/Inhale, Exhale. For Railways Eye power should be with in +/- 4.

11. I got GATE rank. Should I pursue M.Tech or should I continue my preparation for IES?: Pursue your M.Tech/M.E., then try for IES. You will have much time, good books, lecturers to prepare. It will be useful for Interview also.

12. I got less percentage in B.Tech. Can I try for IES?:YES. All exam need is sincere efforts. there are so many guys who have second division in their engineering and cracked this exam

13. If I donot get selection, will all of my efforts go in vain?: NO. All most 90% of Public Sector Units are following ES exam pattern to recruit their engineers. If you prepare for IES, you can crack most of the PSUs/Govt., sector jobs. Most of PSUs give questions from old question papers of ES exam.

14. What is the duration of Training period after selection?:This depends on allocated Department.

 

Question In which month IES exam conducted?
Answer Exam are conducted in month of June.

    Its 3 day procedure:

  • On first day you have optional paper of general studies.
  • On second day you have two optional paper of your respective branch.
  • On third day you have two subjective paper of respective branch.
Question What is age limit for IES exam?
Answer 21-30 years as on 1.8.2005.(Upper age limit relaxable for SCs/Sts, OBCs and certain other categories as specified in Para 3(ii) of Notice).
Question I am just give my final year exam, shall I eligible for IES?
Answer Yes you are eligible for the IES exam. You must be cleared your final year exam before interview.
Question In which branch I shall appeared in IES Exam?
Answer The Engineering Services Examination is conducted by the UPSC, India every year for the recruitment to the four categories of engineering services:

  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electronics & telecommunication Engineering
Question How many attempts are there for general category?
Answer there is no restrictions over no of attempts rather there is age limit (between age 21 to 30).
Question Can you provide some information on this examination?
Answer Qualified candidates of Engineering Services Examination (or the Combined Engineering Services Examination, shortly known as CES) will be posted as any of the under mentioned positions in the four categories:

  • Category-I Civil Engineering
    • Indian Railway Service of Engineers
    • Indian Railway Stores Service (Civil Engineering Posts)
    • Central Engineering Service
    • Military Engineer Services (IDSE-Building and Roads Cadre)
    • Military Engineer Service (Surveyor of Works Cadre)
    • Survey of India Service, Group ‘A’ (Civil Engineering Posts)
    • Central Water Engineering Service (Civil Engineering Posts)
    • Assistant Executive Engineer (Civil) in P & T Building Works (Group `A’) Service
    • Central Engineering Service (Roads), Group `A’;
    • Assistant Executive Engineer (Civil) in Border Roads Engineering Service Group `A’
    • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch)
  • Category-II Mechanical Engineering
    • Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers
    • Indian Railway Stores Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
    • Central Water Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
    • Central Power Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
    • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
    • Indian Naval Armament Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
    • Military Engineer Service (IDSE-Electrical and Mechanical Cadre) (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
    • Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
    • Assistant Executive Engineer (Elect. & Mech.) (Mechanical Engineering Posts) Border Roads Engineering Service, Group ‘A’;
    • Assistant Manager (Factories). Department of Telecom (Telecom Factories Organization)
    • Central Engineering Service (Roads) Group `A’ (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
    • Assistant Executive Engineer Group `A’ (Mechanical Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence
    • Inspection Service Group ‘A’ (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
    • Indian Supply Service Group’ A’ (Mechanical Engg. Posts). Group `B’ Services/Posts
    • Assistant Engineer Group ‘B’ (Mechanical Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence.
  • Category-III Electrical Engineering
    • Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers
    • Indian Railway Stores Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
    • Central Electrical -& Mechanical Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
    • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (Electrical Engineering Posts)
    • Indian Naval Armament Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
    • Central Power Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
    • Assistant Executive Engineer (Electrical) in P &T Building Works (Group ‘A’) Service
    • Military Engineering Service (IDSE-Electrical and Mechanical Cadre) (Electrical Engineering Posts)
    • Assistant Manager (Factories), Department of Telecom (Telecom Factories Organization)
    • Assistant Executive Engineer Group `A’ (Electrical Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence
    • Indian Inspection Service Group ‘A’ (Electrical Engineering Posts)
    • Indian Supply Service Group `A’ (Electrical Engg. Posts). Group `B’ Services/Posts
    • Assistant Engineer, Group `B’ (Electrical Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence
  • Category-IV Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
    • Group A Services/Posts
      • Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers
      • Indian Railway Stores Service (Telecommunication/ Electronics Engineering Posts)
      • Indian Telecommunication Service
      • Engineer in Wireless Planning and Coordination Wing/ Monitoring Organization; Ministry of
      • Communications (Deptt. of Telecommunications)
      • Indian Broadcasting (Engineers) Service
      • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (Electronics Engineering Posts)
      • Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engineering Posts)
      • Central Power Engineering Service (Telecommunication Engineering Posts)
      • Survey of India Service Group ‘A’ (Electronics and Telecom. Engineering Posts)
      • Assistant Manager (Factories), Deptt. of Telecom (Telecom Factories Organization)
      • Indian Inspection Service, Group `A’ (Electronics Engineering Posts)
      • Indian Supply Service; Group `A’ (Electronics Engineering Posts)
      • Assistant Executive Engineer Group ‘A’ (Electronics Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence.
    • Group B Services/Posts
      • Assistant Engineer Group ‘B’ (Electronics Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence
Question What is the selection procedure for IES ?
Answer The selection process of candidates who appear for the Engineering Services Examination conducted by the UPSC, India is based on the two levels.

  • Written Test
  • Personality Test

Those who successfully qualify in the written examination are called for the Personality test, which is a Personal Interview kind of test. The total marks for the Personality test is 200 Marks.

Readers are advised to refer to the Commission’s (Union Public Service Commission – UPSC) Notice for further details of the Examination when it is published in the Employment News and some of the other national news papers.

Question Who can appear for this examination?
Answer The eligibility conditions for appearing in the Indian Engineering Services Examination are mentioned here under:

  • Candidates must be an Indian Nationals
  • Age: Minimum age of the candidates must be 21 to 30 years on 1st August of the year of Examination. However, certain categories of persons including departmental candidates as specified in the Commission’s Notice as published in the national news papers such as Employment News etc. are eligible for age relaxation.
  • Education:
    • A degree in Engineering from a recognized university or equivalent. MSc degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communications, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as special subjects also acceptable for certain Services/posts only.
    • Candidates appearing at their engineering degree or equivalent examination are also eligible to compete. Candidates qualifying on the result of the written part of the Examination will be required to submit the proof of passing the requisite examination along with their detailed application form to be filled up at that stage.

Career progression

  • At the time of selection – Assistant Executive Engineer / Assistant Works Manager / Assistant Director.
  • after 3–4 years of service (including probation period) – Executive Engineer / Works Manager / Deputy Director (equivalent to Under Secretary to Government of India).
  • after 8 years of service – Superintending Engineer / Deputy General Manager / Joint Director (equivalent to Deputy Secretary to Government of India).
  • after 13 years of service – Chief Engineer level-2 / Joint General Manager (equivalent to Director to Government of India).
  • after 20 years of service – Chief Engineer / Additional General Manager (equivalent to Joint Secretary to Government of India).
  • after 30 years of service – Engineer-in-Chief / Senior General Manager (equivalent to Additional Secretary to Government of India).
  • after 34 years of service – Chairman / Director General / Managing Director (equivalent to Secretary to Government of India).

Promotions are subjected to availability of vacancies and may take more time than mentioned above. The age of superannuation is 60 years for all civil servants in India.

Functions of the officers

The nature of work performed by these bureaucrats largely depends on their engineering branch and the service or cadre they are recruited in. However, they can move to any cadre, organisation, agency, department, ministry or PSU of the Government of India. They are appointed in the posts analogous to their present one, either on deputation basis which is of a fixed tenure (at least 5 years and extensible) after which the officer returns to their parent cadre or on absorption basis where the official leaves the parent cadre and is “absorbed” permanently into the new cadre.

Vivian Marandi ESE-2012 ECE Interview

 

Date of Interview- 16 January 2014
Branch-ECE
Chairperson- Manbir Singh

Chairperson:-
1. You have done your education at different places(10th,12th, B.Tech). Why is it so?
2. Tell me how was your experience in Jalandhar(since I have done B.Tech at NIT Jalandhar)? How was the city, people, infrastructure, faculty at college?(Was very much interested to hear about Jalandhar since he belongs from Punjab. Told some new things about Jalandhar also)

Most of the technical questions were from Telecom domain since I have earlier worked at Ericsson.

Tech1:-
1. What is the difference between Soft and Hard Handover?
2. What is the difference between 2G and 3G?
3. What is 8-PSK?
4. What is the relation between bit rate and symbol rate in 8-PSK?
5. What is Sampling Rate? Is it the minimum or maximum rate at which sampling need to be done?
6. What if sampled below Nyquist Rate?
7. Explain Aliasing.

Tech2:-
1. What is solar panel and explain its principle
(Got a bit confused while explaining it. Same question was asked earlier yesterday, since now only single panel is there for ECE. So would suggest to have a look on previous day questions. Who knows you might get lucky!!!)

Tech3:-
1. What is Multimedia?(Since my work profile was handling of MMS server)
1. What is the difference between 3G and 4G?
2. What is OFDM?
3. What is the frequency used in 4G?
4. What is the frequency used in CDMA?
5. What is the frequency that is to be auctioned in coming future?(Prepare yourself for some basic current affair questions which are anyhow related to you or which you are going to tell during interview.)
6. Which on is premium band?(900 MHz or 1800 MHz)?
7. Could we do a conference call between CDMA phone and GSM phone?

Board was quite cordial and helping.
All the best guys……

ASHISH PANDA ECE-2013 Interview

Dear frndzz…my IES roll no-029509…. my interview was scheduled on 2nd jan….i would like to share my interview experience so that it can help you…
board presided by Rajni Rajnda….

Rajni Maam:-
1-ur name
2-ur IES roll no
3-do u work smwhere
4-why do u want to leave NTPC(as i m currently workin n NTPC)
5-explain how u can improve ur technical knowledge if u r posted in railway store dept. which deals with item procurement…

1st Tech Member:-
1-write down what features u look for when purchasin a laptop
2-ques related to what u write….askin fr proper explanation
3-weight of laptop n price relation….
4-cache memory
5-noise figure
6-ideal noise figure

2nd Tech Member:-
1-difference between system & circuit
2-explain using a modem
3-anti aliasing filter & sampling theorm
4-what is AM…FM….difference betwn em..
5-draw block diagram of AM modulator

3rd Tech Member:-
1-memory refferencin in Cache…

then he was interupted by Rajni Maam….n i was asked to go….whole through out the interview she was eatin smthing…..thr were no GS ques….neither ques frm hobbies n interest….neither frm job profile…

All the best for ur interview…..
thanx n regards….ASHISH PANDA

IES Strategy By Ankur Gupta (GS+ English)

For GS

Arihant Manohar pandey GK or Made easy GK booklets se theory padh kar ….last 10 year Civil services Prelims,IES,CDS ke questions solve kar lo tareeke se and more focus sholud be on Geog and life Sci. moderate on polity and very less on History questions.(prefer new vishals publication for IAS nd CDS).do not read any current affairs magzines as it you have seen it is not worth for IES exam.

Papers dhang se kar lena 5-6 bar sab inhi se ata h ghum phir kar

for english:

How To prepare for English:

English: For English you need to improve your vocabulary and grammar for any competitive exam.

It will take time to learn the vocabulary but it will help you in around 20 direct questions of Synonyms/Antonyms  and instead of that it will help you in understanding the passages ,PQRS type questions and in Vocabulary based fill in the blanks. Almost it covers all the topics other than grammar based questions.

For Vocabulary first start with news paper ,Read it and note the meaning you do not know, when there is collection of above 500 good meanings (learn on the daily basis) then after that you will start learning directly with any good vocabulary book like I found PT education’s  (VA Atlas) book good for this purpose.

For Grammar you need to first read the rules(not try to learn them, Read them 8-10 times on regular basis) from any good book and start solving the  error related problems as much as you can by maintaining the balance with other parts of course.

Book lists for English:

Vocabulary:

1.PT education’s  (VA Atlas)-Along with meaning of that word this book also contains all possible synonym ,antonym ,word usage in sentence at same place.

2.The best way to learn the meaning by some key word or by the help of some images. By this we can learn the vocabulary easily. Book For this: VoLT ,Vocabulary learning techniques By Abhishek Jain

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=7IXSeex_dVk

http://books.google.co.in/books?id=aQGNmXLPslMC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_atb#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

Grammar :

Follow any good book which have along with exercise , there solution in Detailed Manner.I have read many books for this but I found best one is:

http://www.flipkart.com/common-errors-english/p/itmczbzr2hazmrsx

After practicing from these books , now time to solve the questions which asked in UPSC previous papers :

Solve IES ,CDS,SCRA 10 year English part questions:

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151480429609195&set=o.164898890341694&type=3&theater

Shashitosh Patel ECE-2012

 
My Engineering services interview
(electronics and telecommunication)
Board David shemlliha ,as don’t remember d exact name.
Date:29 April 2013
Duration:30 to 35 mins
Chair person:shashitosh u r working in DRDO as scientist B,what about dis job?how is ur job?
Me:sir,job is very good.
Cp:he smiled,then why r u preparing for ES?
Me:sir,I have been preparing for es since my btech,it is my dream to be selected for engineering services bcoz this is d most prestigious job for any engineering graduate.2nd thing sir,I m more interested in techno managerial type of job,In my school level also I was involved in some administrative level work,I was deputy senapati dere and I was always a member of school level cabinet. so ies wud be more satisfactory to me.
Cp:u lyk to playing cricket,we all know dat this game is given to us by british people,any other game which is given to us by them?
Me:I thought for 5 -6 seconds,and replied ,sir it is golf.
Cp:ummm,u can say but I thing it is given to us by US.
Me:I smiled and told ok sir.
Cp:any other game?
Me:I started thinking,cp interrupts me,it does not require that much of thinking.
Me:sorry sir, I don’t know.
Cp:ur hobby is music..
Me:no sir ,I lyk listening songs
Cp:ok ok music has broader aspect..,which type of songs u lyk to listen?
Me:sir,bollywood songs.
Cp:do u know about folk songs?
Me:yes sir,these r regional songs,show traditional view.
Cp:which is richer in classical singing folk songs or bollywood songs?
Me:after thinking I told bollywood songs
Cp:no , folk songs,bollywood songs,just copy and paste…
Me:thank u sir
(Maine man hi man socha tum kuchh bhi bol do manana to padega hi)
Then he passed to member 1
M1:shashitosh u lyk songs…u know about lata mangeshkar
Me:yes sir
(Although he did not ask about my favorite singer,but he asked q related to lata ji.i was well prepared for kishor da,as he is my favorite singer)
M1:at wht age she started singing?
Me:sorry sir, I don’t know
M1:in which movie she started her career?
Me:sorry sir I don’t know,but I was not nervous was very calm.
M1:how many sisters and brothers lata mangeshkar having?
Me:sir I know about sisters but do not know about her brothers.
M1:who r d sisters?
Me:sir,asha ji and usha mangeshkar.
M1:recently one famous play back singer died..do u know d name of dat singer?
Me:yes sir she was Shamshad begum.
M1:yes ,right.
M1:recently one play back singer got lyf time award by another play back singer do u know?
Me:I thought for a bit,sir,I m not sure but if u allow me I can guess.
M1:ok guess.
Me:sir,this prize is given to Asha bhoshle and given by lata mangeshkar.
M1:yes u r right,but dat is not a prize,it is award.
Me:ohh sorry sir..
M1:u know about curl?what is its physical significance?
Me:sorry sir ,I m unable to recall..
M1:suppose if u r selected for Indian railways.in which field u wud lyk to work?
Me:sir,In d field of microwave and communication.
M1:what is ur favourite sub?
Me:sir,microwave but during my btech it was digital and analog communication.
M1:what is ur present work in DRDO?
Me:sir we r designing transmitters by using travelling wave tube(TWT).
M1:what r d other tubes?
Me:sir,klystrons,CFA,magnetrons.
M1:what is d use of magnetron?
Me:as microwave sourse as it is an oscillator
M1:any domestic use of magnetron as sourse?
Me:I was puzzled,I told in RADAR in ILS(instrument landing systems)
M2:no no we r asking about domestic product.
Me:ohh it is microwave oven.
M2;yes ryt.
M2:why u r using only TWT?
Me:as we r designing electronic warfare systems,we need power in broadband,we cud use either klystrons or TWT,but klystrons r not broadband device as it use reentered cavities which is narrow band,but twt is broad band.
M2:ok ok.
M2:what is d limitations of TWT?
Me:sir as we increase d frequency level,power decreses…
M2:why u people r not using solid state amplifiers?
Me:sir as we working Ghz,more than 10 GHz.so that much of power is not available by using solid state devices.
M2:which lab of drdo is working in solid state high power amplifiers?
(dat was blunder,as I did not know,but I shud know bcoz it is related to my organization drdo)
Mebade dukhi man se,sorry sir I don’t know.
M2:what r d antennas,ur lab is using?
Me:sir,parabolic reflectors and horn antennas.
M2:and what about spiral antenna?
Me:sorry sir, I have no idea.
M2:which type of horn antenna is used?
Me:sir,rectangular horn.
M2:dat sis sectoral horn?
Me:yes sir.
M2:sectoral In H plane or E plane?
Me:sir E plane.
M2:which type of polarization is being used in Horn antenna in ur lab?
Me:sir Slant polarization.
M2:why?
Me:sir it is having both component vertical and horizontal,so we can jam both horizontal and as wel as vertical polarized signal.
M2:ok ok ,he was agreed.
M2:what is d advantage of analog communication over digital communication?
Me:sir digital communication is immune to channel noise and it is free from additive channel noise.
(mujhe laga he was not convinced when I told free from additive channel noise)
2nd sir,it is more secure as we can use encryption at sending end.
3rd we can use multiplexing in digital communication.
M2:so what r d advantage of Analog communication over digital communication/
Me:sir in analog communication we require lesser bandwith as digital communication use encryption that’s why more bandwidth requied.
And sir analog systems r less complicated.
(but he was not much satisfied wid my ans ,aisa mujhe laga unka facial expression dekh kar)
Now passed to member 3
M3:as u told multiplexing,what is multiplxing?
Me:sir multiplexing is technique by which several no of users can use same channel.
M3:what r d different type of multiplexing?
Me:I told TDMA,FDMA and CDMA.
M3:which is more efficient?
Me:sir in what aspect?
M3:in terms of no of users?
Me:sir CDMA.
M3:why?
Me:sir dis is code division multiple access,depending upon d PN sequence we can assign different codes to different users,suppose It is 32 bit PN sequence,then 2^32-1 users can use single channel.
M2 and M3 were agreed.
(kyuk ki wo dono mujhe ek sath nazar aa rahe the…maine becch me dekha tha “tirchhi nazron” se ki chair person mujhe continuously notice kar raha tha,so maine apne andar ka darr bahar nai aane diya)
M3:what is d carrier freq of cdma?
Me:I thought a bit,I told sorry sir I don’t know but I can guess(wid smile)
M3:no lve it(wid smile)
M3:do u know about mobile communication?
Me:(man hi man halat kharab mobile communication sun kar),lekin I told sir,I don’t know much.
M3:suppose I want to make a cal to any landline fon by my mobile,how it connect?
Me:sir there is BSC(I shud have told it BTS),I forgot full name of bsc..m3 told then,
Then I started again,sir our mobile is connected to bsc through wireless communication,this bsc is connected to MSC,which is main switching circuit,through optical fiber cable.and this MSC is is connected to another MSC through optical fiber.
Now if I want to make a call,first my information wil go to BSC,then BSC wil send my information To MSc….i used d word home address locator and visitor address locator,I think I shud not use that,it may be use for mobile to mobile communication..shayad I have mistaken…bcoz I don’t know much about mobile communication.
M3::he was nodding…and smiling but shayd he was not completely satisfied.
M3:do u know about satellite communication?how satellite fon works?
Me:sorry sir ,I don’t know(widh normal smiling face)
(mai thak gaya tha)
M3:ok guess??/
Me:suppose sir I m having a satellite fon,it is a receiver(I shud have told Tranceiver in place of receiver)
If I want to make a call first it wil directly connect to satellite,then satellite wil connect to another satellite.
M2:it is not lyk dat there is a exchange .first satellite fon wil connect to dat exchange….
Me:thxs sir.
Now chair person…ok shashitosh ur interview is over,u can go now.
(rahat ki saans li)
Thank you sirs…..

Rajeshwar Kushwaha CIVIL ESE-2013

My ESE interview was in board of Amar Pratap Singh (chairperson) dated on 03/01/2014.
Presently I’m working as Examiner of Patents & Designs in Patent Office.
1ST Chairperson:
1. Why do you want to leave present job?
2nd Person:
2. How will you help Railway dept. through your technical knowledge?
3. Did you see any railway construction site?
4. Generally, what types of bridges are provided in Railway?
5. Did you visit any construction site in civil Engg.?
6. What is very difficult construction work in civil Engg.?
7. When and where rocks bolting are provided?
8. Which kinds of mechanisms are attached to rock bolting for jacking?
9. Without visiting field, How can you ensure that this patent is working or not?
10. If an invention is likely to grant, then you grant or not?
11. What kinds of invention did you see except civil engg. Field?
12. How much time will it take to grant a patent after examination?
3rd Person:
13. Which is your favorite subject?
14. What is pre-stressed concrete? (But answer was Soil Mechanics)
15. What types of members are constructed in pre-stressed concrete?
16. What is a pre-stressed pier?
17. Why pre-stressed is in sleepers?
18. Why ballast has been used below railway track?
19. What will happen when ballast is not laid below railway track?
20. Why ballast is not used in metro railway track?
4th Person:
21. How will you examine the files which are other than civil Engg. Field?
22. How much time will it take to examine a file which is not related to civil Engg. Field?
23. How many files have been filed in Patet Office during previous year?
24. How many of them are granted?
1st Chairperson: (Again)
25. Tell me a new invention in civil engg. Which you have examined.

Ranjak Agarwal ESE-2013 Mechanical

 
interview date: 10/01/2014
panel 2- p. kilmensungla
(hobby foodie, reading about defence equipments. B.E. passout2013 and working in gail india ltd)
chairperson:
q1. why mechanical engg in college?
q2. what is the use of mech engg?
q3. mech engg marvels in delhi?
q4. what is your job profile?
q5. what was your college project? its economic rip off?
q6. WHAT IS YOUR PHILOSOPHY of LIFE? *burn the chairperson*

tech advisor 1( nothing technical with him)
q1. why you are executiv trainee for your company? why not engineer trainee?
q2-q… related to company and my role in and my awareness about my industry.

tech advisor 2( he is not clear with his words)

q1. why no mtech?
q2. your view regarding further studies?
q3. what you see in future of automobil sector? innovations and all…
q4.do you know anything that changes its shape and then regain after some time. some type of metal or material?
q5. how will you design a computer for a soldier in battlefield? give your approach?
q6. what will happen when two culture meet? your opinion on fusion?

tech advisor 3

q1. why metro rail is called metro?
q2. where all we see metro rail coming up. name the cities.
q3. what could be the design approach for metro rail?

chairperson again:
q1. do india have drones? what are drones?
q2. what do you mean by your hobby.

if you are in this panel dont waste time on revising technical stuff